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The study of traffic hotspot air quality and street scale modelling in the Street Emission Ceilings (SEC) Project

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Author: Kalognomou, E.-A. · Mellios, G. · Moussiopoulos, N. · Larssen, S. · Samaras, Z. · Hout, D. van den · Leeuw, F. de · Kukkonen, J. · Fiala, J.
Type:article
Date:2009
Institution: TNO Bouw en Ondergrond TNO Bouw en Ondergrond
Source:International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 1-2, 4, 156-178
Identifier: 241647
doi: doi:10.1504/IJEWM.2009.026890
Keywords: Air quality measurements · Air quality modelling · Resuspension · Street canyons · Traffic emissions · Air quality measurements · Air quality modelling · Resuspension · Street canyons · Traffic emissions · Air quality · Atmospherics · Computer integrated manufacturing · Permanent magnets · Roads and streets

Abstract

The introduction of local scale analysis in Integrated Assessment Modelling (IAM) requires an evaluation of road transport emission factors and local scale air quality models. The comparison of PM10 and PM2.5 over NOx delta (street level minus background) concentration ratios against emission ratio estimates, confirms the appropriateness of the COPERT methodology. The comparison also reveals the non-exhaust coarse fraction source in Stockholm to be three times the fine fraction in summer, but seven times that in winter. In London it is twice the fine fraction. The model intercomparison study shows that simple street canyon models can be sufficient for use in IAM. Copyright © 2009, Inderscience Publishers.