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International standards on working postures and movements ISO 11226 and EN 1005-4

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Author: Delleman, N.J. · Dul, J.
Institution: TNO Defensie en Veiligheid
Source:Ergonomics, 11, 50, 1809-1819
Identifier: 240275
doi: doi:10.1080/00140130701674430
Keywords: Ergonomics · Posture · Health hazards · Musculoskeletal system · Process design · Risk assessment · Safety engineering · Standards · Musculoskeletal disorders · Working postures · Ergonomics · Arm · Body posture · Head and neck disease · Industrial worker · Industry · Job analysis · Trunk · Human Engineering · International Cooperation · Movement · Occupational Diseases · Occupational Health · Risk Assessment


Standards organizations have given considerable attention to the problem of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The publication of international standards for evaluating working postures and movements, ISO 11226 in 2000 and EN 1005-4 in 2005, may be considered as a support for those involved in preventing and controlling these disorders. The first one is a tool for evaluation of existing work situations, whereas the latter one is a tool for evaluation during a design/engineering process. Key publications and considerations that led to the content of the standards are presented, followed by examples of application.