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A Generic Approach to the Development of Tactical Decision Aids


Author: Neef, R.M. · Brake, G. te
Publisher: NATO-RTO
Place: Neuilly-sur-Seine
Institution: TNO Defensie en Veiligheid
Source:Paper presented at the RTO SCI Symposium on Critical Design Issues for the Human-Machine Interface, held in Prague, Czech Republic, 19-21 May 2003
Identifier: 212685
Report number: RTO-MP-112.
Keywords: Physics


Military tactics require efficient and effective decision making in unclear, complex and dynamic environments. Tactical decision-makers need to make the right choices based on large amounts of data from various sources with varying reliability and often under severe time-pressure. Therefore decision makers usually have a set of Tactical Decision Aids (TDA’s) available to them. Even though TDA’s can be found anywhere, they often fail to live up to expectations in terms of quality of support. Many efforts to design effective decision aids for command and control domains have been unsuccessful due to three main reasons (Essens et al., 1994): a shallow understanding of the C2 decision making process; a technology driven design process; and a design effort based on not well-analyzed decision making problems. Additionally, since decision aids are very problem-specific (i.e. they require a large amount of domain knowledge in order to provide support), they are costly to design. This paper describes an effort undertaken by TNO to develop a generic design strategy that addresses both the cognitive issues as well as the technical issues involved with TDA’s. We base our approach around the COADE framework and demonstrate it in a small scale case study based around the task of sensor management