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Cognitive engineering for long duration missions: Human-machine collaboration on the moon and mars

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Author: Neerincx, M.A. · Lindenberg, J. · Smets, N. · Grant, T. · Bos, A. · Olmedo-Soler, A. · Brauer, U. · Wolff, M.
Institution: TNO Defensie en Veiligheid
Source:SMC-IT 2006: 2nd IEEE International Conference on Space Mission Challenges for Information Technology, 17 July 2006 through 20 July 2006, Pasadena, CA, 2006, 40-46
Identifier: 239685
doi: doi:10.1109/SMC-IT.2006.24
ISBN: 0769526446 · 9780769526447
Article number: 1659532
Keywords: Cognitive systems · Computer simulation · Iterative methods · Moon · Planets · Systems analysis · Cognitive engineering · Human machine collaboration · Iterative process · Planetary exploration missions · Space applications


For manned long-duration missions to the Moon and Mars, there is a need for a Mission Execution Crew Assistant (MECA) that empowers the cognitive capacities of human-machine teams during planetary exploration missions in order to cope autonomously with unexpected, complex and potentially hazardous situations. MECA requirements are being derived via a cognitive engineering method, which addresses operational, human factors and technological aspects with their mutual dependencies. This method follows an iterative process of specification, evaluation and refinement to establish a sound - theoretical and empirical founded-set of requirements. It distinguishes three types of iterations: system-design review, scientific discourse and simulation-based evaluation. The first two iterations provided a set of requirements for distributed human-machine collaboration on the Moon or Mars. © 2006 IEEE.