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Secure Real-Time Monitoring and Management of Smart Distribution Grid Using Shared Cellular Networks

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Author: Nielsen, J.J. · Ganem, H. · Jorguseski, L. · Alic, K. · Smolnikar, M. · Zhu, Z. · Pratas, N.K. · Golinski, M. · Zhang, H. · Kuhar, U. · Fan, Z. · Svigelj, A.
Type:article
Date:2017
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Source:IEEE Wireless Communications, 2, 24, 10-17
Identifier: 762763
doi: doi:10.1109/MWC.2017.1600252
Article number: 7909092
Keywords: Coal deposits · Digital instruments · Electric power transmission networks · Mobile security · Nuclear fuels · Observability · Wireless telecommunication systems · Communication infrastructure · Communication latency · Distribution systems · Electricity production · Management frameworks · Monitoring and management · Operational capabilities · Smart distribution grids · Network security · ICT · NTW - Networks · TS - Technical Sciences

Abstract

Electricity production and distribution is facing two major changes. First, production is shifting from classical energy sources such as coal and nuclear power toward renewable resources such as solar and wind. Second, consumption in the low voltage grid is expected to grow significantly due to the expected introduction of electrical vehicles. The first step toward more efficient operational capabilities is to introduce an observability of the distribution system and allow for leveraging the flexibility of end connection points with manageable consumption, generation, and storage capabilities. Thanks to advanced measurement devices, management framework, and secure communication infrastructure developed in the FP7 SUNSEED project, the distribution system operator (DSO) now has full observability of the energy flows in the medium/low voltage grid. Furthermore, the prosumers are able to participate pro-Actively and coordinate with the DSO and other stakeholders in the grid. The monitoring and management functionalities have strong requirements for communication latency, reliability, and security. This article presents novel solutions and analyses of these aspects for the SUNSEED scenario, where smart grid ICT solutions are provided through shared cellular LTE networks. © 2002-2012 IEEE.