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A set of essential requirements towards standardising the numerical simulation of blast-loaded windows and facades


Author: Larcher, M. · Stolz, A. · Millon, O. · Bedon, C. · C, K. · Doormaal, J.C.A.M. van · Haberacker, C. · Hüsken, G. · Larcher, M. · Millon, O. · Saarenheimo, A. · Solomos, G. · Stolz, A. · Thamie, L. · Valsamos, G. · Williams, A.
Publisher: European Commission
Place: Ispra
Identifier: 536242
doi: doi:10.2788/684747
ISBN: 978-92-79-57507-5
Report number: EUR 27807 EN JRC100438 LB-NA-27807-EN-N
Keywords: Safety · Explosion effects · Window glass · Windows · Resistance · Observation, Weapon & Protection Systems · EBP - Explosions, Ballistics & Protection · TS - Technical Sciences


The determination of the blast protection level of laminated glass windows and facades is of crucial importance, and it is normally done by using experimental investigations. In recent years numerical methods have become much more powerful also with respect to this kind of application. This report attempts to give a first idea of a possible standardisation concerning such numerical simulations. Attention is drawn to the representation of the blast loading and of the behaviour of the material of the mentioned products, to the geometrical meshing, as well as to the modelling of the connections of the glass components to the main structure. The need to validate the numerical models against reliable experimental data, some of which are indicated, is underlined.