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The influence of mental fatigue on facial EMG activity during a simulated workday

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Author: Veldhuizen, I.J.T. · Gaillard, A.W.K. · Vries, J. de
Type:article
Date:2003
Institution: TNO Technische Menskunde
Source:Biological Psychology, 1, 63, 59 - 78
Identifier: 12013
doi: doi:10.1016/S0301-0511(03)00025-5
Keywords: Biology · fatigue · facial expressions · emotions · questionnaires · Emotional exhaustion · Facial EMG activity · Fatigue · Questionnaires · adult · article · controlled study · dysthymia · electromyogram · face muscle · female · human · human experiment · job performance · male · mobilization · normal human · priority journal · questionnaire · simulation · working time · Adult · Electromyography · Facial Expression · Facial Muscles · Female · Humans · Male · Mental Fatigue · Questionnaires · Time Factors

Abstract

The present study investigated whether facial EMG measures are sensitive to the effects of fatigue. EMG activity of the corrugator and frontalis muscles was recorded during and after a simulated workday. Fatigue was evaluated in four ways: (a) the building up of fatigue effects during the workday, (b) the building up of fatigue during a test period, (c) examination of after-effects of the workday in two test sessions in the evening, and (d) comparison of subjects with a high-and low-score on an Emotional Exhaustion questionnaire. EMG activity decreased during the workday and increased again in the evening. EMG activity also increased during a test period, reflecting increased mobilization to maintain performance. High-score subjects showed a lower level of EMG activity throughout the entire workday. They reported a higher need for recovery, experienced the workday as more fatiguing, and were less well rested when getting up. EMG measures seem to reflect that high-score subjects have problems with investing sufficient energy to maintain performance during a workday.(P)