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Erytromycine bij prematuur gebroken vliezen gunstig voor de gezondheid van het kind [Erythromycin for premature rupture of membranes is beneficial for infant]

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Author: Buitendijk, S.E.
Type:article
Date:2001
Source:Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 38, 145, 1828-1831
Identifier: 236228
Keywords: Amoxicillin · Clavulanic acid · Placebo · Adult · Antibiotic therapy · Case report · Chronic lung disease · Clinical trial · Echography · Necrotizing enterocolitis · Newborn death · Premature fetus membrane rupture · Premature labor · Review · Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination · Anti-Bacterial Agents · Drug Therapy, Combination · Enterocolitis, Necrotizing · Erythromycin · Female · Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture · Humans · Infant, Newborn · Obstetric Labor, Premature · Pregnancy · Pregnancy Outcome · Randomized Controlled Trials

Abstract

In the 'Overview of the role of antibiotics in curtailing labour and early delivery'(ORACLE I)-trial in women with premature rupture of membranes, the use of erythromycin was found to be associated with a decrease in the primary composite outcome (neonatal death, chronic lung disease or major cerebral abnormality on ultrasound; p = 0.08) and in single adverse neonatal outcomes (p = 0.02) when compared to placebo. The positive results were more significant in the singleton group (p = 0.02 for the composite outcome), while no effects were found in twin pregnancies. The combination of amoxycillin and clavulanic acid, with or without erythromycin, was associated with some improvements in outcome, but was also accompanied by a higher rate of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis. Another trial (ORACLE II) found no effects of antibiotic use in women with premature labour with intact membranes. Although both trials were of good quality, the stratification into singleton and twin pregnancies should have been done more consistently. Because premature rupture of membranes in singleton pregnancies is more likely to be associated with a pre-existing infection than in multiple pregnancies, the potential benefit of treatment with antibiotics is larger in singleton pregnancies. Chemicals/CAS: Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination, 74469-00-4; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Erythromycin, 114-07-8