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Urban strategy: noise mapping in instrument for interactive spatial planning

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Author: Borst, H.C. · Salomons, E.M. · Lohman, W.J.A. · Zhou, H. · Miedema, H.M.E.
Type:article
Date:2009
Institution: TNO Bouw en Ondergrond
Source:8th European Conference on Noise Control 2009, EURONOISE 2009, 26-28 October 2009, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, PART 3, 31
Identifier: 463771
ISBN: 9781615676804
Keywords: Action planning · Environmental noise · Interactive interfaces · Local authorities · Netherlands · Noise contours · Noise exposure · Noise mapping · Number of peoples · Road surfaces · Safety hazards · Source types · Spatial planning · Speed limit · Time span · Urban areas · Acoustic variables control · Air quality · Instruments · Noise pollution · Urban planning · Urban Development · Built Environment

Abstract

Spatial planning in urban areas is complex. Besides noise from different source types, many other aspects play a role. In order to support local authorities and others involved in spatial planning, TNO has developed an interactive instrument: 'Urban Strategy', which integrates a detailed interactive noise map with other aspects such as traffic calculations, air quality and external safety hazards. An important application of Urban Strategy is action planning in the framework of the European Noise Directive (END). The interactive noise map allows the assessment of noise exposures as well as the formulation of Action Plans for the reduction of the number of people harmfully affected by environmental noise. Different noise measures, such as the application of silent road surface types or lowering speed limits, can be interactively explored with the system. It directly shows the updated detailed noise contour maps as well as indicators describing the impact (such as annoyance) after a measure has been applied though the interactive interface. Because Urban Strategy integrates different from different sources, it also allows planners to evaluate the effects of measures on other aspects than noise. Because response times are very short, the instrument can be used in interactive workshops with specialists and stakeholders. In this way, authorities can formulate effective noise abatement strategies in a very short time span while involving the relevant parties. Urban Strategy is successfully applied in a number of cases in the Netherlands.