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A closed-loop adaptive system for command and control

Author: Greef, T.E. de · Arciszewski, H.F.R.
Type:bookPart
Date:2007
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Place: Berlin : [etc]
Institution: TNO Defensie en Veiligheid
Source:Schmorrow, D.D.Reeves, L.M., Augmented Cognition : 3rd International Conference on Foundations of Augmented Cognition, FAC 2007, 22 July 2007 through 27 July 2007, Beijing, 276-285
series:
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Identifier: 240407
Keywords: Defence · Adaptive systems · Computer supported cooperative work · Human computer interaction · Information technology · Technological forecasting · Human information processing · Information items · Situation awareness · Closed loop control systems

Abstract

On Navy ships, technological developments enable crews to work more efficiently and effectively. However, in such complex, autonomous, and information-rich environments a competition for the users' attention is going on between different information items, possibly leading to a cognitive overload. This overload originates in the limitations of human attention and constitutes a well-known and well-studied bottleneck in human information processing. The concept of adaptive automation promises a solution to the overwhelmed operator by shifting the amount of work between the human and the system in time, while maintaining a high level of situation awareness. One of the most critical challenges in developing adaptive human-machine collaboration concerns the design of a trigger mechanism. This paper discusses and evaluates a number of possible triggers for the usage in closed-loop adaptive automation from the perspective of command and control. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007.