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Influence of obstetric management on outcome of extremely preterm growth retarded infants

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Author: Schaap, A.H.P. · Wolf, H. · Bruinse, H.W. · Ouden, A.L. den · Smolders-de Haas, H. · Ertbruggen, I. van · Treffers, P.E.
Institution: TNO Preventie en Gezondheid
Source:Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 2, 77
Identifier: 234185
Keywords: Health · Disability · Growth retardation · Handicap · Obstetric variables · Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia · Cerebral Hemorrhage · Cesarean Section · Child, Preschool · Developmental Disabilities · Female · Fetal Growth Retardation · Follow-Up Studies · Humans · Infant, Newborn · Infant, Premature · Infant, Very Low Birth Weight · Pregnancy · Prospective Studies · Treatment Outcome


Aim - To describe the long term outcome of extremely preterm growth retarded infants in relation to obstetric management and various perinatal events. Methods - A cohort study was undertaken in two tertiary care centres with different obstetric management. All infants with fetal growth retardation due to placental insufficiency and resulting in fetal distress at 26 to 32 weeks of gestation, were included for the years 1984-89. Main outcome measures were impairment, disability, or handicap at 2 years corrected age and at school age (4 1/4 to 10 1/4 years). Results - One hundred and twenty five (98%) were followed up until 2 years corrected age in the outpatient department; 114 (90%) were assessed at school age. Impairments were found in 37% and disabilities or handicaps in 9% of the assessed infants, with no difference between centres. All disabled or handicapped children had already been identified by 2 years corrected age. Conclusions - Disability or handicap were related to neonatal complications (intracerebral haemorrhage or bronchopulmonary dysplasia) and not to obstetric variables, thus making antenatal prediction impossible. The incidence of disability or handicap in these growth retarded infants was comparable with that of other preterm infants.