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Frequency stabilized HeNe gas laser with 3.5 mW from a single mode

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Author: Ellis, J.D. · Voigt, D. · Spronck, J.W. · Verlaan, A.L. · Munnig Schmidt, R.H.
Type:article
Date:2012
Source:Precision Engineering, 2, 36, 203-209
Identifier: 446871
Keywords: Physics · Frequency metrology · HeNe lasers · Interferometry · Laser stabilization · Optical metrology · Industrial Innovation · Physics & Electronics · OPT - Optics · TS - Technical Sciences

Abstract

This paper describes an optical frequency stabilization technique using a three-mode Helium Neon laser at 632.8 nm. Using this configuration, a maximum frequency stability relative to an iodine stabilized laser of 6×10 -12 (71 s integration time) was achieved. Two long term measurements of 62 h and 40 h showed fractional frequency fluctuations of 6.2×10 -10 (2?) and 1.6×10 -10 (2?) when correcting for known frequency fluctuations outside the controller bandwidth, respectively. This stabilization scheme maximizes the available optical power (1.7 mW in this instance) because the output mode is in the center of the HeNe gain curve. This stabilization technique was also verified for a larger HeNe laser with a lower free spectral range. While not optimized for this configuration and laser, we demonstrated fractional frequency fluctuations below 1×10 -8 with 3.5 mW of usable output power. This is useful for multi-axis systems or systems employing fiber coupling. In this paper, the overall system is described and data containing the frequency locking signal sensitivity, profile during laser warm up, sensitivity to environmental fluctuations, and optical power of the locking signal is shown. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.