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Expression of the xylulose 5-phosphate phosphoketolase gene, xpkA, from Lactobacillus pentosus MD363 is induced by sugars that are fermented via the phosphoketolase pathway and is repressed by glucose mediated by CcpA and the mannose phosphoenolpyruvate phosphotransferase system

Author: Posthuma, C.C. · Bader, R. · Engelmann, R. · Postma, P.W. · Hengstenberg, W. · Pouwels, P.H.
Type:article
Date:2002
Institution: TNO Voeding
Source:Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2, 68, 831-837
Identifier: 42214
doi: doi:10.1128/AEM.68.2.831-837.2002
Keywords: Environment · Amino acids · Aldehyde-Lyases · Amino Acid Sequence · Bacterial Proteins · Bacteria (microorganisms) · Bifidobacterium · Bifidobacterium animalis · Cloning · Enzymes · Escherichia coli · Glucose · Catabolites · Genes · Gene Deletion · Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial · Gene expression · Gene induction · Gene repression · Gene sequence · Lactobacillus · Lactobacillus pentosus · Mannose · Molecular Sequence Data · Posibacteria · Prokaryota · Pentosephosphates · Phosphoenolpyruvate Sugar Phosphotransferase System · Repressor Proteins · Sequence Alignment · Sequence Analysis, DNA · Bacterial enzyme · Carbon catabolite protein a · Mannose phosphoenolpyruvate phosphotransferase · Unclassified drug · Xylulose 5 phosphate phosphoketolase · Bacterium · Bacterial gene · Bacterium mutant · Enzyme activity · Enzyme purification · Fermentation · Molecular cloning · Nonhuman · Nucleotide sequence · Xpka gene · DNA-Binding Proteins

Abstract

Purification of xylulose 5-phosphate phosphoketolase (XpkA), the central enzyme of the phosphoketolase pathway (PKP) in lactic acid bacteria, and cloning and sequence analysis of the encoding gene, xpkA, from Lactobacillus pentosus MD363 are described, xpkA encodes a 788-amino-acid protein with a calculated mass of 88,705 Da. Expression of xpkA in Escherichia coli led to an increase in XpkA activity, while an xpkA knockout mutant of L. pentosus lost XpkA activity and was not able to grow on energy sources that are fermented via the PKP, indicating that xpkA encodes an enzyme with phosphoketolase activity. A database search revealed that there are high levels of similarity between XpkA and a phosphoketolase from Bifidobacterium lactis and between XpkA and a (putative) protein present in a number of evolutionarily distantly related organisms (up to 54% identical residues). Expression of xpkA in L. pentosus was induced by sugars that are fermented via the PKP and was repressed by glucose mediated by carbon catabolite protein A (CcpA) and by the mannose phosphoenolpyruvate phosphotransferase system. Most of the residues involved in correct binding of the cofactor thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) that are conserved in transketolase, pyruvate decarboxylase, and pyruvate oxidase were also conserved at a similar position in XpkA, implying that there is a similar TPP-binding fold in XpkA.Chemicals/CAS: Aldehyde-Lyases, EC 4.1.2.-; Bacterial Proteins; catabolite control protein, bacteria, 136394-86-0; DNA-Binding Proteins; Glucose, 50-99-7; Mannose, 31103-86-3; Pentosephosphates; Phosphoenolpyruvate Sugar Phosphotransferase System, EC 2.7.1.-; phosphoketolase, EC 4.1.2.9; Repressor Proteins; xylulose-5-phosphate, 60802-29-1