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Historic lime-binders: An example of 19th Century Dutch Military plain concrete

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Author: Nijland, T.G. · Copuroglu, O. · Heinemann, H.A.
Source:34th International Conference on Cement Microscopy 2012, 1 April 2012 through 4 April 2012, Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, 169-182
Identifier: 452888
ISBN: 9781622765164
Keywords: Materials · Buildings and Infrastructure · Built Environment · Building Engineering & Civil Engineering · BM - Building Materials · TS - Technical Sciences


Before the general acceptance of Portland cement as the main binder for concrete in the late 19th century, other, locally available binders were occasionally used. In the case of the Netherlands, which did not produce Portland cement, traditional lime-based binders were not uncommon. With a strong tradition of trass production, trass-lime binders were used for hydraulic concrete structures as well. For Dutch military works such binders were commonly used for plain concrete structures in the middle and late 19th century, often in combination with crushed bricks as coarse aggregate. In this paper, the possibilities of the application of optical microscopy to characterise such concretes is discussed