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Prediction of height achievement at five years of age in children born very preterm or with very low birth weight : Continuation of catch-up growth after two years of age

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Author: Qvigstad, E. · Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. · Ens-Dokkum, M.H. · Schreuder, A.M. · Veen, S. · Brand, R. · Oostdijk, W. · Ruys, J.H.
Type:article
Date:1993
Institution: Nederlands Instituut voor Praeventieve Gezondheidszorg TNO
Source:Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, 5, 82, 444-448
Identifier: 232206
Keywords: Health · catch-up growth · growth · height achievement · height prediction · very low birth weight · very preterm · article · body height · catch up growth · classification · female · human · infant · male · normal human · prediction · prematurity · preschool child · priority journal · very low birth weight · Biometry · Body Height · Child, Preschool · Discriminant Analysis · Educational Status · Female · Human · Infant, Low Birth Weight · Infant, Newborn · Infant, Premature · Male · Parents · Prognosis · Prospective Studies · Sensitivity and Specificity · Support, Non-U.S. Gov't · Thyrotropin · Thyroxine

Abstract

To predict height at five years in a cohort of 565 very preterm and/or very low-birth-weight children, hypothesized growth determinants were subjected to discriminant analysis. Many neonatal parameters were not significantly associated with short stature at five years of age. A correct classification of stature (smaller/larger than the 10th percentile at five years of age) could be obtained in 85% of children, using the following variables: height at two years of age; total (or mid) parental height; parental level of education; length at one year of age; hypertension during pregnancy; sex; weight at two years of age; length percentile at one year of age. However, when compared to actual longitudinal data, the false-positive rate was 37%. The survey also demonstrated the continuing catch-up growth in very preterm and very low-birth-weight infants after two years of age. Chemicals/CAS: Thyrotropin, 9002-71-5; Thyroxine, 7488-70-2