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Gender differences in self-reported physical and psychosocial exposures in jobs with both female and male workers

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Author: Hooftman, W.E. · Beek, A.J. van der · Bongers, P.M. · Mechelen, W. van
Institution: TNO Kwaliteit van Leven
Source:Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 3, 47, 244-252
Identifier: 238386
doi: DOI:10.1097/01.jom.0000150387.14885.6b
Keywords: Workplace · Veilig en Gezond Werken · Controlled study · Health behavior · Occupation · Psychosocial environment · Questionnaire · Risk factor · Self report · Sex difference · Statistical model · Work · Worker · Adult · Confounding Factors (Epidemiology) · Female · Health Surveys · Humans · Job Description · Male · Musculoskeletal System · Occupational Exposure · Occupational Health · Risk Factors · Sex Factors


Objective: The aim was to determine whether men and women with the same job are equally exposed to work-related physical and psychosocial risk factors for musculoskeletal complaints. Methods: Men (n = 491) and women (n = 342) in 8 jobs with both female and male workers completed a questionnaire on exposure to work-related risk factors. Gender, job title, and potential confounders were included in the final statistical models. Separate analyses were performed for desk workers and assembly workers. Results: For most risk factors gender differences in exposure were found. Among desk workers exposures were most often higher for women, which was the opposite for assembly workers. Conclusions: Although exposure assessment relied on self-report, it seems unlikely that gender differences in reporting behavior completely explained gender differences in exposure. Thus, gender differences in exposure are present within the same job. Copyright © by American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.