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Built environmental correlates of walking and cycling in dutch urban children: Results from the SPACE study

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Author: Vries, S.I. de · Hopman-Rock, M. · Bakker, I. · Hirasing, R.A. · Mechelen, W. van
Institution: TNO Kwaliteit van Leven
Source:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 5, 7, 2309-2324
Identifier: 408478
Keywords: Health · Leefomgeving en gezondheid · Bicycling · Child · Infrastructure · Linear regression · Physical activity · Urban design · Walking · article · child · child behavior · controlled study · correlational study · cycling · environmental factor · female · health behavior · human · major clinical study · male · Netherlands · physical activity · recreation · school child · traffic and transport · urban population · walking


This study examined built environmental correlates of children's walking and cycling behavior. Four hundred and forty-eight children from 10 Dutch neighborhoods completed a seven-day physical activity diary in which the number of walking and cycling trips for transportation, to school, and for recreation were assessed. The associations between observed built environmental characteristics and children's walking and cycling behavior were examined with multivariate linear regression analyses. The results showed that built environmental correlates of children's walking and cycling behavior differ by purpose and by commuting mode implying a behavior-specific approach for interventions and for future, preferably prospective, studies. © 2010 by the authors.