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Designing sustainable concrete on the basis of equivalence performance: assessment criteria for safety

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Author: Visser, J.H.M. · Bigaj, A.J.
Type:article
Date:2014
Source:Proceedings of the 4th International FIB congress on Improving Performance of Concrete Structure 2014, 1-11
Identifier: 490566
Keywords: Architecture Materials · Approval route · Assessment criteria · Equivalence performance · Mechanical properties · New materials · Safety · Buildings and Infrastructure · Built Environment · Building Engineering & Civil Engineering · SR - Structural Reliability · TS - Technical Sciences

Abstract

In order not to hampers innovations, the Dutch National Building Regulations (NBR), allow an alternative approval route for new building materials. It is based on the principles of equivalent performance which states that if the solution proposed can be proven to have the same level of safety, protection of health, energy efficiency and protection of the environment, it is accepted as well. The framework of equivalence performance has been worked out in this paper with respect to safety. Three types of assessment criteria have been derived: for individual vales, for characteristic values and for relationships. More than one assessment criteria can apply at the same time. An example for a new material containing 50 % of recycled concrete and 50 % of recycled sand-lime brock aggregates illustrated the consequence of the assessment for two properties: compressive strength and tensile strength. The assessment procedure provides a new route for fast incorporation of new concrete-like materials in construction without compromising the safety of the structures. This will not only stimulate innovations. Since it is expected to be applicable for many newly developed green materials, it also make a significant contribution to reduction in CO2 and energy consumption as well as raw materials in a relatively short time.