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Report on the geo-environmental inquiry project, central and eastern Europe

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Author: Mattig, U. · Mulder, E.F.J. de
Type:article
Date:1998
Publisher: Springer-Verlag GmbH & Company KG
Place: Berlin, Germany
Institution: Nederlands Instituut voor Toegepaste Geowetenschappen TNO
Source:Environmental Geology, 1, 35, 37-40
Identifier: 234516
doi: DOI:10.1007/s002540050290
Keywords: Perception · Central Europe · Eastern Europe · Environmental sustainable planning · Geo-environmental problems · Hazards · Database systems · Earthquakes · Environmental impact · Environmental protection · Floods · Groundwater pollution · Landslides · Societies and institutions · Soil pollution · Sustainable development · Geo-environmental problems · Geology

Abstract

The Commission on Geological Sciences for Environmental Planning (COGEOENVIRONMENT) of IUGS and UNESCO have initiated a joint project to develop a worldwide data base on earthscience-related environmental problems and to assess which geoscientific information is available locally for prevention, prediction or mitigation of such problems. As a first step, a pilot project on geo-environmental problems and geo-information was launched for central and eastern Europe. In this paper the results of a questionnaire sent to all these partly new countries are presented. Analysis of the results of the questionnaire shows that the most serious and common geo-environmental problems in central and eastern Europe are earthquakes, landslides, soil contamination, groundwater pollution and flooding by rivers. Other geo-environmental problems in this part of Europe and some difficulties experienced during the pilot project are also referred to. Some suggestions for the application of geoscientific knowledge to mitigate such problems are presented at the end of this paper.