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New ways of working: Does flexibility in time and location of work change work behavior and affect business outcomes?

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Author: Blok, M.M. · Groenesteijn, L. · Schelvis, R. · Vink, P.
Source:Work, SUPPL.1, 41, 5075-5080
Identifier: 452897
doi: doi:10.3233/WOR-2012-0800-5075
Keywords: business objectives · knowledge worker · new ways of working · task facilitating office · work behavior · Healthy for Life · Healthy Living · Organisation · SP - Sustainable Productivity · BSS - Behavioural and Societal Sciences


In the changing modern economy some new factors have been addressed that are of importance for productivity and economic growth, such as human skills, workplace organization, information and communication technologies (ICT) and knowledge sharing. An increasing number of companies and organizations are implementing measures to better address these factors, often referred to as 'the New Ways of Working (NWW)'. This consists of a large variety of measures that enable flexibility in the time and location of work. Expectations of these measures are often high, such as a reduction in operating costs and an increase of productivity. However, scientific proof is still lacking, and it is worth asking whether al these implementations actually cause a change in work behavior and effect business outcomes positively. This article describes a case study of three departments (total of 73 employees) that changed from a traditional way of working towards a new way of working. Questionnaires and a new developed objective measurement system called 'work@task' were used to measure changes in work behavior (i.e. increased variation in work location, work times and a change towards NWW management style) and the effect on business objectives such as knowledge sharing, employees satisfaction, and collaboration. © 2012 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.