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International ring trial of the epidermal equivalent sensitizer potency assay: reproducibility and predictive-capacity

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Author: Teunis, M.A.T. · Spiekstra, S.W. · Smits, M. · Adriaens, E. · Eltze, T. · Galbiati, V. · Krul, C.A.M. · Landsiedel, R. · Pieters, R. · Reinders, J. · Roggen, E. · Corsini, E. · Gibbs, S.
Type:article
Date:2014
Source:ALTEX, 3, 31, 251-268
Identifier: 503450
doi: doi:10.14573/altex.1308021
Keywords: Health · Epidermal equivalent · In vitro · NOEL · Sensitizer potency · 1 chloro 2,4 dinitrobenzene · 2 mercaptobenzothiazole · allergen · benzocaine · cinnamaldehyde · citral · cobalt chloride · formaldehyde · interleukin 1alpha · isoeugenol · oxazolone · phenylenediamine · accuracy · assay · controlled study · cytotoxicity · epidermal equivalent sensitizer potency assay · reproducibility · skin sensitization · Biomedical Innovation · Healthy Living · Healthy Living · Themalijn

Abstract

This study describes the international ring trial of the epidermal-equivalent (EE) sensitizer potency assay. This assay does not distinguish a sensitizer from a non-sensitizer, but may classify known skin sensitizers according to their potency. It assesses the chemical concentration resulting in 50% cytotoxicity (EE-EC50) or the 2-fold increase in IL-1(IL-12x). Four laboratories received 13 coded sensitizers. Reproducible results were obtained in each laboratory. A binary prediction model, EC50 ≥ 7 mg/ml = weak to moderate sensitizer and EC50 < 7 mg/ml = strong to extreme sensitizer had an accuracy of 77%. A superior EE (EC50 and IL-12x) correlation was observed with human in vivo DSA05 data compared to LLNA-EC3 data. Human in vivo NOEL and LLNA-EC3 data correlated to a similar extent to in vitro EE data. Our results indicate that this easily transferable EE potency assay is suitable for testing chemical allergens of unknown potencies and may now be ready for further validation, providing complementary potency information to other assays already undergoing validation for assessing skin sensitization potential.