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Job strain and risk indicators for cardiovascular disease in young female nurses

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Author: Riese, H. · Houtman, I.L.D. · Doornen, L.J.P. · Geus, E.J.C. de
Type:article
Date:2000
Source:Health Psychology, 5, 19, 429-440
Identifier: 276613
doi: doi:10.1037//0278-6133.19.5.429
Keywords: Workplace · Decision latitude · Fasting insulin · Insulin resistance syndrome · Job demands · Lipids · Antigen · Cholesterol · Fibrinogen · High density lipoprotein cholesterol · Insulin · Oral contraceptive agent · Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 · Tissue plasminogen activator · Triacylglycerol · Adult · Age · Blood pressure · Body mass · Cardiovascular disease · Cardiovascular risk · Cholesterol blood level · Decision making · Fibrinogen blood level · Insulin blood level · Job performance · Lipoprotein blood level · Oral contraception · Questionnaire · Risk factor · Social support · Stress · Triacylglycerol blood level · Work capacity · Work schedule · Workload · Body Mass Index · Cardiovascular Diseases · Female · Fibrinogen · Humans · Job Satisfaction · Lipoproteins · Middle Aged · Nurses · Werkdruk · Verpleegkundigen · Hart en vaatziekten · Vrouwen

Abstract

This study examined the possible effects of job demands, decision latitude, and job-related social support on risk indicators for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 165 female nurses. Job strain was measured with the Job Content Questionnaire; CVD risk was measured with insulin, total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), fibrinogen, tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) antigen, tPA activity, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen, and blood pressure. Multivariate analysis of covariance and regression analyses revealed no effects of either job strain or social support on these risk indicators. All risk indicators deteriorated with age and body mass index. Oral contraceptive use improved fibrinolytic potential and increased HDL-C but had adverse effects on TG levels. Results suggest that in healthy young women job strain is not associated with an unfavourable metabolic or fibrinolytic risk profile.