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Analytical study of the heat loss attenuation by clothing on thermal manikins under radiative heat loads

Author: Hartog, E.A. den · Havenith, G.
Type:article
Date:2010
Institution: TNO Defensie en Veiligheid
Source:International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics (JOSE), 2, 16, 245-261
Identifier: 408443
Keywords: Clothing · Heat budget models · Heat stress · Infrared radiation · Protective clothing · Solar radiation · Thermal manikin · Thermal radiation

Abstract

For wearers of protective clothing in radiation environments there are no quantitative guidelines available for the effect of a radiative heat load on heat exchange. Under the European Union funded project ThermProtect an analytical effort was defined to address the issue of radiative heat load while wearing protective clothing. As within the ThermProtect project much information has become available from thermal manikin experiments in thermal radiation environments, these sets of experimental data are used to verify the analytical approach. The analytical approach provided a good prediction of the heat loss in the manikin experiments, 95% of the variance was explained by the model. The model has not yet been validated at high radiative heat loads and neglects some physical properties of the radiation emissivity. Still, the analytical approach provides a pragmatic approach and may be useful for practical implementation in protective clothing standards for moderate thermal radiation environments.