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Driving simulator validity : some considerations

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Author: Kaptein, N.A. · Theeuwes, J. · Horst, A.R.A. van der
Type:bookPart
Date:1996
Publisher: National academic press
Place: Washington
Institution: TNO Technische Menskunde
Source:Human performance, driving simulation, information systems, and older drivers, 30-36
series:
Transportation research record
Identifier: 11126
Keywords: Traffic · Behavioral research · Collision avoidance · Driver training · Ground vehicles · Human engineering · Imaging techniques · Optimal control systems · Projection screens · Speed control · Transportation personnel · Transportation routes · Driving simulator · Route choice behavior · Validity · Traffic · Simulators

Abstract

The validity of driving simulators for behavioral research is discussed. The concept of validity is introduced and explained, and a survey of validation studies follows, in the TNO driving simulator and others, comparing field and simulator study results. Results for mid-level driving simulators show that generally absolute validity of route choice behavior is obtained and relative validity of speed and lateral control behavior is obtained. There is evidence suggesting that for a number of applications the presence of a moving base and possibly a higher image resolution might increase the validity of a driving simulator.