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Nutrient-induced glucagon like peptide-1 release is modulated by serotonin

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Author: Ripken, D. · Wielen, N. van der · Wortelboer, H.M. · Meijerink, J. · Witkamp, R.F. · Hendriks, H.F.J.
Type:article
Date:2016
Source:Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 32, 142-150
Identifier: 534888
doi: DOI:10.1016/j.jnutbio.2016.03.006
Keywords: Biology · GLP-1 · Nutrients · Rebaudioside A · Serotonin · Small intestine · Biomedical Innovation · Healthy Living · Life · MSB - Microbiology and Systems Biology · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences

Abstract

Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and serotonin are both involved in food intake regulation. GLP-1 release is stimulated upon nutrient interaction with G-protein coupled receptors by enteroendocrine cells (EEC), whereas serotonin is released from enterochromaffin cells (ECC). The central hypothesis for the current study was that nutrient-induced GLP-1 release from EECs is modulated by serotonin through a process involving serotonin receptor interaction. This was studied by assessing the effects of serotonin reuptake inhibition by fluoxetine on nutrient-induced GLP-1, PYY and CCK release from isolated pig intestinal segments. Next, serotonin-induced GLP-1 release was studied in enteroendocrine STC-1 cells, where effects of serotonin receptor inhibition were studied using specific and non-specific antagonists.Casein (1% w/v), safflower oil (3.35% w/v), sucrose (50 mM) and rebaudioside A (12.5 mM) stimulated GLP-1 release from intestinal segments, whereas casein only stimulated PYY and CCK release. Combining nutrients with fluoxetine further increased nutrient-induced GLP-1, PYY and CCK release.Serotonin release from intestinal tissue segments was stimulated by casein and safflower oil while sucrose and rebaudioside A had no effect. The combination with fluoxetine (0.155 μM) further enhanced casein and safflower oil induced-serotonin release.Exposure of ileal tissue segments to serotonin (30 μM) stimulated GLP-1 release whereas it did not induce PYY and CCK release. Serotonin (30 and 100 μM) also stimulated GLP-1 release from STC-1 cells, which was inhibited by the non-specific 5HT receptor antagonist asenapine (1 and 10 μM). These data suggest that nutrient-induced GLP-1 release is modulated by serotonin through a receptor mediated process. © 2016 The Authors.