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Whiplash: reduction of neck injuries and their societal costs in rear end collisions. European research in whiplash injury prevention

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Author: Kroonenberg, A.J. van den · Wismans, J.S.H.M.
Institution: TNO Wegtransportmiddelen
Source:Proceedings of the 1999 JSAE Spring Convention, 19-21 May, 1999, Yokohama, Japan. Technical session No. 41: 'traffic safety: neck injuries'
Identifier: 362361
Article number: JSAE Paper 9933727 paper 188
Keywords: Traffic · Safety · Occupant protection · Collisions · Research and development · Regulations


Neck injuries in car collisions constitute a serious problem with tremendous implications for the individual as well as for the society. Neck injuries particularly occur in rear-end collisions and for this accident type no test method or passive safety regulations exist, mainly as a consequence of the limited knowledge available on neck injuries. The European Community has sponsored a 3-year research programme aimed to develop effective research tools and test procedures to improve the protection of car occupants in rear-end collisions. The research methodology includes tests with human volunteers; crash dummy development; computer modelling and benchmarking of current seat designs. The main results of the project so far are a first phase rear impact crash dummy - including mathematical MADYMO models of this dummy - and a preliminary definition of a test method. In addition, real accident data and new experimental data on the behavior of car occupants during rear end collisions were generated. The second phase rear impact dummy - based on new biomechanical data generated within the project - will be available later this year (1999)