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Evaluation of a malting barley quality assessment system

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Author: Lonkhuijsen, H.J. van · Douma, A.C. · Angelino, S.A.G.F.
Institution: Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO
Source:Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists, 1, 56, 7-11
Identifier: 234720
Keywords: Nutrition · Malting barley · Multivariate analysis · Trial system


New malting barley varieties are annually tested for their malting and brewing potential according to a field trial set-up combined with quality evaluation on pilot scale. To assess the effects of trial year and location on quality evaluation data, a data base consisting of quality data from Dutch malting and brewing trials of new malting barley varieties during the period 1989-1995 was analyzed using multivariate statistical techniques. It was also determined which parameters gave little or no discrimination among varieties over the years. The analysis showed that strong annual effects occurred over the period observed. A considerable list of 23 analytical parameters from barley, malt, wort, and beer analysis were relevant to explain 50% of the variance in the data set. Seven parameters showed hardly any variation and possessed no discriminative value. This indicated that the number of parameters could be diminished to some extent without losing resolving power with respect to quality evaluation. A further reduction is possible when, of two parameters showing high positive or negative correlations, only one is analyzed. Quality data from different trial locations were prone to annual effects. The trends observed showed clustering of data from particular trial locations with discrimination among locations in certain years. From this evaluation, it could not yet be concluded whether or not a limitation in the number of trial sites is feasible. The evaluation offers an approach towards further increasing the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of existing trial systems. © 1998 by the American Society of Brewing Chemists, Inc.