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Effects of a standing and three dynamic workstations on computer task performance and cognitive function tests

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Author: Commissaris, D.A.C.M. · Könemann, R. · Hiemstra-van Mastrigt, S. · Burford, E.M. · Botter, J. · Douwes, M. · Ellegast, R.P.
Source:Applied Ergonomics, 6, 45, 1570-1578
Identifier: 513347
doi: doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2014.05.003
Keywords: Workplace · Dynamic workstation · Physical activity · Work performance · Exercise equipment · Cognitive functions · Elliptical trainer · Physical activity · Sedentary work · Short term · Task performance · Work performance · Computer workstations · Accuracy · Bicycle ergometer · Body height · Body mass · Body weight · Cognition · Computer · Computer mouse · Controlled study · Ergometer · Ethnic group · Function test · Human experiment · Job performance · Perception · Reading · Sitting · Standing · Task performance · Treadmill · Workplace · Work and Employment · Healthy Living · Resilient Organisations · SP - Sustainable Productivity and Employability WHC - Work, Health and Care · ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences


Sedentary work entails health risks. Dynamic (or active) workstations, at which computer tasks can be combined with physical activity, may reduce the risks of sedentary behaviour. The aim of this study was to evaluate short term task performance while working on three dynamic workstations: a treadmill, an elliptical trainer, a bicycle ergometer and a conventional standing workstation. A standard sitting workstation served as control condition. Fifteen Dutch adults performed five standardised but common office tasks in an office-like laboratory setting. Both objective and perceived work performance were measured. With the exception of high precision mouse tasks, short term work performance was not affected by working on a dynamic or a standing workstation. The participant's perception of decreased performance might complicate the acceptance of dynamic workstations, although most participants indicate that they would use a dynamic workstation if available at the workplace. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and The Ergonomics Society.