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Noise exposure and public health

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Author: Passchier-Vermeer, W. · Passchier, W.F.
Institution: TNO Preventie en Gezondheid
Source:Environmental Health Perspectives, SUPPL. 1, 108, 123-131
Identifier: 235521
Keywords: Acoustics and Audiology · Annoyance · Cardiovascular effects · Children's health · Environmental health · Environmental noise · Hearing impairment · Noise exposure · Noise metrics · Occupational noise · Performance · academic achievement · annoyance · birth defect · hearing impairment · human · hypertension · immune system · ischemic heart disease · mental stress · noise pollution · priority journal · public health · review · risk assessment · sleep disorder · sound intensity · Hearing Disorders · Humans · Noise · Public Health · Stress, Psychological · Urban Development · Built Environment


Exposure to noise constitutes a health risk. There is sufficient scientific evidence that noise exposure can induce hearing impairment, hypertension and ischemic heart disease, annoyance, sleep disturbance, and decreased school performance. For other effects such as changes in the immune system and birth defects, the evidence is limited. Most public health impacts of noise were already identified in the 1960s and noise abatement is less of a scientific but primarily a policy problem. A subject for further research is the elucidation of the mechanisms underlying noise-induced cardiovascular disorders and the relationship of noise with annoyance and nonacoustical factors modifying health outcomes. A high priority study subject is the effects of noise on children, including cognitive effects and their reversibility. Noise exposure is on the increase, especially in the general living environment, both in industrialized nations and in developing world regions. This implies that in the twenty-first century noise exposure will still be a major public health problem.