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Effects of feeding stannous chloride on different parts of the gastrointestinal tract of the rat

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Author: Janssen, P.J.M. · Bosland, M.C. · Hees, J.P. van
Institution: Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO
Source:Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 1, 78, 19-28
Identifier: 229813
Keywords: Nutrition · Radioisotope · Tin chloride · Animal experiment · Autoradiography · Blood and hemopoietic system · Electron microscopy · Food contamination · Intoxication · Nonhuman · Small intestine · Animal · Body Weight · Cell Cycle · Comparative Study · Diet · Gastrointestinal System · Hemoglobins · Intestine, Small · Male · Microscopy · Microscopy, Electron, Scanning · Organ Weight · Rats · Rats, Inbred Strains · Tin


The effects of feeding inorganic tin on the gastrointestinal tract were examined in rats. Three groups of male weanling Wistar rats were fed a diet to which 0, 250, or 500 ppm Sn2+ had been added as SnCl2. A fourth group was subjected to feed restriction by pair feeding with the 500-ppm group. Comparison of the data from the tin-fed groups with both the control and the reduced diet groups allowed discrimination between effects of reduced feed intake and Sn2+ effects. Independent of the reduced feed intake, Sn2+ affected hemoglobin concentration in the blood and several small intestine parameters. Total length of the small intestine, as well as absolute and relative weights, was increased. An increase was also observed in the migration of epithelial cells along the villus, as revealed by [3H]thymidine incorporation and autoradiography in rats fed 900 ppm Sn2+ for 4 weeks. Stereo-light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed the formation of ridge-like villi due to Sn2+ feeding and a decreased number of villi per unit surface. These data suggest that an increase in cell turnover in the small intestine, due to Sn2+, was responsible for these changes. Chemicals/CAS: hemoglobin, 9008-02-0; tin chloride, 1344-13-4; Hemoglobins; stannous chloride, 7772-99-8; Tin, 7440-31-5