A method for integrated and sustainable design

Five design stages

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Multifunctional flood defenses
combine several functions into a single system. Therefore, several disciplines
need to be combined to design such complex systems. An “integrated design” is a
collaborative method that combines several disciplines for designing systems or
structures, emphasizing a ‘holistic’ approach. Holism is the concept of
considering systems and their properties as wholes, not just a collection of
parts. The functioning of the entire system cannot be fully understood solely
in terms of their component parts. A holistic, integrated approach is believed
to be more cost-effective and sustainable.