Structural evaluation of multifunctional flood defenses

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Flood risk
reduction aims to minimize losses in low-lying areas. One of the ways to reduce
flood risks is to protect land by means of flood defenses. The Netherlands has
a long tradition of flood protection and, therefore, a wide variety of
technical reports written and guidelines developed for designing and assessing
typical flood defenses. These documents have been prepared by the Dutch Technical
Advisory Committee for the Flood Defenses (Technische Adviescommissie
voor de Waterkeringen, TAW) and apply to dunes, lower and upper river dikes, lake and sea dikes,
water-retaining hydraulic structures, etc. These documents contain methods and criteria
to determine the reliability of flood defenses, based on the present state of
technology and research.