Geotechnical uncertainties and reliability-based assessments of dykes

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This thesis utilises the random finite element method (RFEM) to provide practical guidance and tools for geotechnical engineers to account for the influence of soil spatial variability. This has involved: (a) practical insight and guidance on the choice of characteristic soil property values and scales of fluctuation; (b) a robust approach to reliability assessment and design that obviates the need for explicit calculation of characteristic values; and (c) the benchmarking and improving of simpler analysis tools.