Optical transmission matrix as a probe of the photonic strength

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We demonstrate that optical transmission matrices (TMs) provide a powerful tool to extract the photonic strength of disordered complex media, independent of surface effects. We measure the TM of a strongly scattering GaP nanowire medium and compare the singular value density of the measured TM to a random-matrix-based wave transport model. By varying the transport mean free path and effective refractive index in the model, we retrieve the photonic strength. From separate numerical simulations we conclude that the photonic strength derived from TM statistics is insensitive to the surface reflection at rear surface of the sample.