Electrochemical cocaine (bio)sensing. From solid electrodes to soft junctions

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In this review, we describe the importance and possible electrochemical screening methods for the illicit drug – cocaine. It covers the detection at bare and modified solid electrodes, soft electrified junctions and nanopore sensing. Emphasis is given on interfacial modification techniques and electroanalytical parameters for cocaine detection in different environments, covering the detection from both, model and real samples.