The architecture of the open office in the twentieth-century

Exploring the spatial configurations of the open floor plan in offices As example the Johnson Wax Headquarters and Centraal Beheer Office

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In this thesis the modern office typology will be the main object of this research. Giving an answer to the question: how did the open floor plan in offices emerge in the twentieth century? The buildings Johnson Wax Headquarters (1939) by Frank Lloyd Wright and Centraal Beheer Apeldoorn (1972) by Herman Hertzberger will be analysed to illustrate the principles and ideas of the before-mentioned architects. How these projects influenced office architecture and how the workspace has changed in the period from the beginning to the end of the twentieth century. The analysis of buildings will show how the ideas of the architects are visible in the design, relating to the historical and theoretical framework of that time. This research can be useful in understanding the means and functioning of open office spaces and could help with designing future offices.