# The effect of A* pathfinding characteristics on the path length and performance in an octree representation of an indoor point cloud

The effect of A* pathfinding characteristics on the path length and performance in an octree representation of an indoor point cloud

Author Contributor Faculty Department Programme Date2016-06-28

AbstractThis thesis presents a new workflow for path finding through an octree representation of an indoor point cloud. I applied the following steps: 1) the point cloud is processed so it fits best in an octree; 2) during the octree generation the interior empty nodes are identified and further processed; 3) for each interior empty node the distance to the closest non empty node directly under it is computed, this can be used as constraint in path finding; 4) a network graph is computed with the connectivity of all interior empty nodes; 5) a collision avoidance system is pre-processed in two steps: firstly the clearance of each empty node is computed, and secondly the maximal crossing value between two empty neighbouring nodes is computed. 6) the A* path finding algorithm is conducted. The A* uses the interior empty nodes and the network graph to find a path. Finally, benchmark test were conducted to identify the effect of octree operators and A* operations on the path length and computation time. The A* path finding computation time is positively effected by: firstly, pre-processing a network graph, using a Manhattan distance and by keeping the octree depth to a minimum. The path length is positively influenced by: extending the path connectivity, by using an Euclidean distance type and by increasing the octree depth. Although, the octree depth depends on the minimal and maximal spatial resolution needed for path finding. And this is dependant of the size and orientation of the point cloud. By pre processing a point cloud the spatial resolution can be increased.

Subjectpath finding

octree

point cloud

collision avoidance

network graph

Student theses

Document typemaster thesis

Rights(c) 2016 Rodenberg, O.B.P.M.