Searched for: subject:"Meaningful%5C+Human%5C+Control"
(1 - 14 of 14)
document
Robbins, S.A. (author)
Machine Learning (ML) is reaching the peak of a hype cycle. If you can think of a personal or grand societal challenge – then ML is being proposed to solve it. For example, ML is purported to be able to assist in the current global pandemic by predicting COVID-19 outbreaks and identifying carriers (see, e.g., Ardabili et al. 2020). ML can make...
doctoral thesis 2021
document
Calvert, S.C. (author), Mecacci, G. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Increased on-road testing and market availability of partially automated vehicles (AV) offers researchers and developers the opportunity to evaluate the AV’s performance. The occurrence of new types of accidents involving AV’s has sparked questions in regard to who is actually in control over and responsible for AV control. In this contribution,...
journal article 2020
document
van der Waa, J.S. (author), van Diggelen, Jurriaan (author), Cavalcante Siebert, L. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Jonker, C.M. (author)
Artificially intelligent agents will deal with more morally sensitive situations as the field of AI progresses. Research efforts are made to regulate, design and build Artificial Moral Agents (AMAs) capable of making moral decisions. This research is highly multidisciplinary with each their own jargon and vision, and so far it is unclear...
conference paper 2020
document
Calvert, S.C. (author), Mecacci, G. (author)
The introduction of automated vehicles means that some or all operational control over these vehicles is diverted away from a human driver to a technological system. The concept of Meaningful Human Control (MHC) was derived to address control issues over automated systems, allowing a system to explicitly consider human intentions and reasons....
journal article 2020
document
Verdiesen, E.P. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Dignum, M.V. (author)
Accountability and responsibility are key concepts in the academic and societal debate on Autonomous Weapon Systems, but these notions are often used as high-level overarching constructs and are not operationalised to be useful in practice. “Meaningful Human Control” is often mentioned as a requirement for the deployment of Autonomous Weapon...
journal article 2020
document
Robbins, S.A. (author)
conference paper 2020
document
Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Automated driving systems (ADS) with partial automation are currently available for the consumer. They are potentially beneficial to traffic flow, fuel consumption, and safety, but human behaviour whilst driving with ADS is poorly understood. Human behaviour is currently expected to lead to dangerous circumstances as ADS could place human...
journal article 2019
document
Robbins, S.A. (author)
With Artificial Intelligence (AI) entering our lives in novel ways—both known and unknown to us—there is both the enhancement of existing ethical issues associated with AI as well as the rise of new ethical issues. There is much focus on opening up the ‘black box’ of modern machine-learning algorithms to understand the reasoning behind their...
journal article 2019
document
Mecacci, G. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
In this paper, in line with the general framework of value-sensitive design proposed by the authors, we aim to operationalize the general concept of “Meaningful Human Control” (MHC) in order to pave the way for its translation into more specific design requirements. In particular, we focus on the operationalization of the first of the two...
journal article 2019
document
Robbins, S.A. (author)
There is widespread agreement that there should be a principle requiring that artificial intelligence (AI) be ‘explicable’. Microsoft, Google, the World Economic Forum, the draft AI ethics guidelines for the EU commission, etc. all include a principle for AI that falls under the umbrella of ‘explicability’. Roughly, the principle states that ...
journal article 2019
document
Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Human Factors issues with automated driving systems (ADS) are becoming more apparent with the increasing prevalence of automated vehicles on the public roads. As automated driving demands increased performance of supervisory skills of the driver, rather than vehicle handling skills, a mismatch occurs between the demand and supply of the drivers’...
conference paper 2018
document
Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
poster 2018
document
Calvert, S.C. (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Heikoop, D.D. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
Truck platooning is a form of vehicle automation and cooperation that is leading the way for cooperative and automated vehicle implementation. However, much is still unknown about the effects and potential dangers of many situations in regard to cooperative control of these platoons. In this contribution, we discuss many of the challenges in...
conference paper 2018
document
Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author)
Debates on lethal autonomous weapon systems have proliferated in the past 5 years. Ethical concerns have been voiced about a possible raise in the number of wrongs and crimes in military operations and about the creation of a “responsibility gap” for harms caused by these systems. To address these concerns, the principle of “meaningful human...
journal article 2018
Searched for: subject:"Meaningful%5C+Human%5C+Control"
(1 - 14 of 14)