Searched for: subject%3A%22Spiking%255C%2BNeural%255C%2BNetworks%22
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Hettema, Bart (author)
Neuromorphic computing can be used to efficiently implement spiking neural networks.<br/>Such spiking neural networks can be used in edge AI applications, where low power consumption is paramount.<br/>The use of analog components allows for extremely low power implementations.<br/>This thesis contributes the designs of an analog spike generator,...
master thesis 2024
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Hueber, Paul (author)
Designing processors for implantable closed-loop neuromodulation systems presents a formidable challenge owing to the constrained operational environment, which requires low latency and high energy efficacy. Previous benchmarks have provided limited insights into power consumption and latency. However, this study introduces algorithmic metrics...
master thesis 2024
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LIN, Jinhuang (author)
Recent trends in machine learning (ML) have placed a strong emphasis on power- and resource-efficient neural networks, as well as the development of neural networks on edge devices. Spiking neural net-works (SNNs), due to their event-based nature, are one of the most promising types of neural networks for low-power applications. To accelerate...
master thesis 2023
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Paredes-Vallés, Federico (author)
In the ever-evolving landscape of robotics, the quest for advanced synthetic machines that seamlessly integrate with human lives and society becomes increasingly paramount. At the heart of this pursuit lies the intrinsic need for these machines to perceive, understand, and navigate their surroundings autonomously. Among the senses, vision...
doctoral thesis 2023
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Huijbregts, Lucas (author)
Ultra-low power Edge AI hardware is in increasing demand due to the battery-limited energy budget of typical Edge devices such as smartphones, wearables, and IoT sensor systems. For this purpose, this Thesis introduces an ultra-low power event-driven SRAM-based Compute In-Memory (CIM) accelerator optimized for inference of Binary Spiking Neural...
master thesis 2023
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Burgers, Tim (author)
In recent years, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) have become a standard in robotic control. However, a significant drawback of large-scale ANNs is their increased power consumption. This becomes a critical concern when designing autonomous aerial vehicles, given the stringent constraints on power and weight. Especially in the case of blimps,...
master thesis 2023
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Dong, Yingzhou (author)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the top cause of death worldwide, and their diagnosis can be quickly and painlessly achieved through Electrocardiogram (ECG). The diagnosis of electrocardiogram has gradually evolved from manual diagnosis by doctors to one that can be realized using Artificial Intelligence (AI). Early AI still required manual...
master thesis 2023
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Lammers, Laurens (author)
Neuromorphic sensors, like for example event cameras, detect incremental changes in the sensed quantity and communicate these via a stream of events. Desired properties of these signals such as high temporal resolution and asynchrony are not always fully exploited by algorithms that process these signals. Spiking neural networks (SNNs) have...
master thesis 2023
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Nembhani, Prithvish Vijaykumar (author)
Artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning have been the buzzwords in almost every industry (medical, automotive, defense, security, finance, etc.) for the last decade. As the market moves towards AI-based solutions, so does the computation need for these solutions increase and change with time. With the rise of smart cities...
master thesis 2023
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Huang, Jiongyu (author)
A Spiking neural network (SNN) is a type of artificial neural network which encodes information using spike timing, network structure, and synaptic weights to emulate the information processing function of the human brain. Within an SNN, it is always required to support the spike transmission that travels between neurons(array). This thesis aims...
master thesis 2023
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Liu, Y. (author), Pan, W. (author)
Machine learning can be effectively applied in control loops to make optimal control decisions robustly. There is increasing interest in using spiking neural networks (SNNs) as the apparatus for machine learning in control engineering because SNNs can potentially offer high energy efficiency, and new SNN-enabling neuromorphic hardware is being...
journal article 2023
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Safa, Ali (author), Van Assche, Jonah (author), Frenkel, C. (author), Bourdoux, Andre (author), Catthoor, Francky (author), Gielen, Georges (author)
Level-crossing analog-To-digital converters (LC-ADCs) are neuromorphic, event-driven data converters that are gaining much attention for resource-constrained applications where intelligent sensing must be provided at the extreme edge, with tight energy and area budgets. LC-ADCs translate real-world analog signals (such as ECG, EEG, etc.) into...
conference paper 2023
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Stroobants, S. (author), de Wagter, C. (author), de Croon, G.C.H.E. (author)
Neuromorphic processing promises high energy efficiency and rapid response rates, making it an ideal candidate for achieving autonomous flight of resource-constrained robots. It can be especially beneficial for complex neural networks as are used for high-level visual perception. However, fully neuromorphic solutions also need to tackle low...
conference paper 2023
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Ottati, F. (author), Gao, Chang (author), Chen, Qinyu (author), Brignone, Giovanni (author), Casu, Mario R. (author), Eshraghian, Jason K. (author), Lavagno, Luciano (author)
As deep learning models scale, they become increasingly competitive from domains spanning from computer vision to natural language processing; however, this happens at the expense of efficiency since they require increasingly more memory and computing power. The power efficiency of the biological brain outperforms any large-scale deep...
journal article 2023
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Narayanan, Shyam (author), Cartiglia, Matteo (author), Rubino, Arianna (author), Lego, Charles (author), Frenkel, C. (author), Indiveri, Giacomo (author)
Low-power event-based analog front-ends (AFE) are a crucial component required to build efficient end-to-end neuromorphic processing systems for edge computing. Although several neuromorphic chips have been developed for implementing spiking neural networks (SNNs) and solving a wide range of sensory processing tasks, there are only a few general...
conference paper 2023
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Eggers, Yvonne (author)
Event cameras and spiking neural networks (SNNs) allow for a highly bio-inspired, low-latency and power efficient implementation of optic flow estimation. Just recently, a hierarchical SNN was proposed in which motion selectivity is learned from raw event data in an unsupervised manner using spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP). However,...
master thesis 2022
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Zhou, Yongkang (author)
Spiking neural networks (SNN), as the third-generation artificial neural network, has a similar potential pulse triggering mechanism to the biological neuron. This mechanism enables the spiking neural network to increase computing power compared to the traditional artificial neural network to process complex information. However, a large number...
master thesis 2022
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Buis, Jan Maarten (author)
Renewed interest in memory technologies such as memristors and ferroelectric devices can provide opportunities for traditional and non-traditional computing systems alike. To make versatile, reprogrammable AI hardware possible, neuromorphic systems are in need of a low-power, non-volatile and analog memory solution to store the weights of the...
master thesis 2022
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LU, Jingyi (author)
Inspired by the natural nervous system, synaptic plasticity rules are applied to train spiking neural networks. Different from learning algorithms such as propagation and evolution that are widely used to train spiking neural networks, synaptic plasticity rules learn the parameters with local information, making them suitable for online learning...
master thesis 2022
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Stroobants, S. (author), Dupeyroux, J.J.G. (author), de Croon, G.C.H.E. (author)
Compelling evidence has been given for the high energy efficiency and update rates of neuromorphic processors, with performance beyond what standard Von Neumann architectures can achieve. Such promising features could be advantageous in critical embedded systems, especially in robotics. To date, the constraints inherent in robots (e.g., size...
journal article 2022
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