Searched for: subject%3A%22scour%22
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Li, Qiang (author), Wang, Xinquan (author), Gavin, Kenneth (author), Jiang, Shengxiang (author), Diao, Hongguo (author), Wang, Kangyu (author)
Extensive studies have been performed on the effectiveness of scour protection against scour erosion progression. But there is little research to date evaluating the effect of scour protection on vertical resistance behaviour of monopile foundations. This paper investigates the influence of scour protection on the vertical loading behaviour of...
journal article 2024
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Li, Qiang (author), Wang, Xinquan (author), Gavin, Kenneth (author), Jiang, Shengxiang (author), Diao, Hongguo (author), Wang, Mingyuan (author), Wang, Kangyu (author)
Scour leads to the loss of soil around monopile foundations for offshore wind turbines, which affects their structural safety. In this paper, the effect of scour on the lateral behaviour of monopiles was extensively investigated using finite element analysis, and calibration and comparison were undertaken using centrifuge tests. Piles with three...
journal article 2024
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Dutta, Debasish (author), Afzal, Mohammad Saud (author), Alhaddad, S.M.S. (author)
This study utilizes three-dimensional simulations to investigate scour in combined wave–current flows around rectangular piles with various aspect ratios. The simulation model solves the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations using the k–ω turbulence model, and couples the Exner equation to compute bed elevation changes. The model also...
journal article 2023
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Hageman, Evelien (author)
Over 5000 offshore wind turbine generators have been installed in the past decades. 80% of these wind turbines have a monopile foundation. Monopiles are hollow steel tubular piles with a diameter of up to 10m. The first phase of the monopile installation consists of the self-weight penetration into the seabed due to the mass of the monopile....
master thesis 2022
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van Duuren, Karsten (author)
The Rhine-Meuse delta is characterized by the presence of many scour holes. Koopmans (2017) showed that these scour holes have very different growth rates, even if they are located within the same river branch. Most likely this is caused by either the heterogeneous subsoil, the presence of hydraulic structures, the geometry of the river or...
master thesis 2022
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Askarinejad, A. (author), Wang, H. (author), Chortis, Giorgos (author), Gavin, Kenneth (author)
The scour protection layers are usually installed around the monopiles to prevent the formation of scour hole. While extensive studies have been performed on the effectiveness of scour protection layer as mitigation measure, no study to date has been found to quantify the influence of scour protection layer on the lateral response of...
journal article 2022
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Bărbunţoiu, Teodora (author)
Deployment of renewable energy is essential to reach a carbon neutral economy. Offshore wind farms have caught the interest of many developed countries since they are an essential source of green energy. The interest of this thesis lays in the design of the foundation used for offshore wind farms, in particular the interaction between the...
master thesis 2021
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Haafkes, Thom (author)
During berthing operations of ships, the horizontal thrusters cause a hydraulic load on the quay wall and bed. This could eventually lead to scour holes in the bed, which may affect the structural integrity of the quay wall. This thesis is about a numerical simulation of a bowthruster jet which is deflected by a quay wall and the focus of this...
master thesis 2021
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Goedhart, Wisse (author)
The erosion of the seabed in front of coastal structures induced by waves can lead to multiple types of failure instability or function of the structure. On this topic most research has been done into erosion in front of vertical structures. For sloping structures a knowledge gap exists in the understanding of the processes that lead to erosion...
master thesis 2021
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Li, Q. (author), Askarinejad, A. (author), Gavin, Kenneth (author)
The majority of offshore wind structures are supported on large-diameter, rigid monopile foundations. These piles may be subjected to scour due to the waves and currents that causes a loss of soil support and consequently decreases the pile capacity and system stiffness. The results of numerical models suggest that the shape of the scour hole...
journal article 2021
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Huismans, Y. (author), Koopmans, H. (author), Wiersma, Ane (author), de Haas, Tjalling (author), Berends, Koen (author), Sloff, C.J. (author), Stouthamer, Esther (author)
River deltas commonly have a heterogeneous substratum of alternating peat, clay and sand deposits. This has important consequences for the river bed development and in particular for scour hole formation. When the substratum consists of an erosion resistant top layer, erosion is retarded. Upon breaking through a resistant top layer and...
journal article 2021
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Etemad-Shahidi, Amir (author), Bali, Meysam (author), van Gent, M.R.A. (author)
Toe design is an important task for coastal engineers as it ensures the stability of the main armor layer and prevents scour in front of the armor slope. Several laboratory experiments have been conducted to investigate the toe stability using different testing approaches, i.e. damage due to a single test condition and cumulative damage due...
journal article 2021
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Paulissen, Sjoerd (author)
Recent research identified a novel scour-enhancing flow mechanism related to 3-D flow behaviour. Under specific conditions, vertical flow separation at the upstream crest of a scour hole can be suppressed as a result of lateral nonuniformities in the main flow. This so-called vertically attached flow state is associated with increased scour...
master thesis 2020
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Jantzen, Casper (author)
On the seabed in front of coastal structures sediment movement takes place due to incoming waves. The erosion of sediments creates a scour hole at the toe of structures such as embankments, breakwaters and dikes. This scour hole may lead to instabilities in the main structure due to material sliding into this hole. A common method of protecting...
master thesis 2020
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Li, Q. (author)
Although wind energy capacity has increased significantly in the last few decades, the installed capacity of offshore wind turbine still lags far behind that of onshore wind turbines due to the installation and foundation cost. The aim of this research project has been to clarify the influence of combined vertical and lateral loads, lateral...
doctoral thesis 2020
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Bierhuizen, Luc (author)
Due to the presence of a monopile in a turbulent flow swirling vortices, known as horseshoe vortices, can form upstream of the structure near the cylinder-bed junction. Those vortices then travel downstream of the cylinder as they are being dragged along with the current. The horseshoe vortices can scoop up bed material surrounding the cylinder,...
master thesis 2020
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Li, Q (author), Prendergast, L. J. (author), Askarinejad, A. (author), Chortis, G. (author), Gavin, Kenneth (author)
The majority of offshore wind turbines are founded on large-diameter, open-ended steel monopiles. Monopiles must resist lateral loads and overturning moments because of environmental (wind and wave) actions, whereas vertical loads tend to be comparatively small. Recent developments in turbine sizes and increases in hub heights have resulted...
journal article 2020
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Chortis, G. (author), Askarinejad, A. (author), Prendergast, L.J. (author), Li, Q. (author), Gavin, Kenneth (author)
The influence of scour on the lateral response of monopile foundations for offshore wind turbines is investigated in this paper. Application of lateral load-displacement (p-y) curves to predict the lateral pile behaviour is subject to uncertainty as many of the presently used design approaches have been derived for long, slender piles. These...
journal article 2020
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Li, Zhaoyi (author)
student report 2019
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Groen, Olivier (author)
A combination of the growth of the offshore wind energy sector and the decline in both species richness and species abundance in the North Sea has inspired the goal to use the scour protection in wind farms as a means to enhance marine life. Present research has focused on general changes which are to be applied to benefit marine life. However,...
master thesis 2019
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