Seperation of coseismic and postseismic signals of Sumatra Andaman earthquake and Indian Ocean earthquake

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The gravity field changes associated with the earthquake are analysed using the GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) data. GRACE data can track the temporal variations in the gravity field and therefore information on mass redistribution can be achieved. There have been many studies already carried out using the GRACE data to analyse the coseismic and postseismic effects of the earthquakes. The previous studies mainly concentrated on the separation of the earthquake signals from various other signals and noises to understand the internal mass redistribution. In this work two recent past earthquakes have been considered. Sumatra-Andaman earthquake that occurred on 26th December 2004 with a magnitude of Mw 9.1. The other major earthquake that has been taken into account is the off coast Northern Sumatra earthquake (also called as Indian Ocean earthquake) which occurred on 11th April 2012 with a magnitude of Mw 8.6. A new initiative has been taken to separate the long term postseismic term (2004 earthquake) from the coseismic term and the effects of the 2012 earthquake (both the postseismic and coseismic effect). This decoupling process was done using the GRACE monthly solutions of spherical harmonics. Gravity disturbances were calculated from GRACE monthly solutions to understand the internal mass redistribution.