Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits

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Integrated quantum photonic waveguide circuits are a promising approach to realizing future photonic quantum technologies. Here, we present an integrated photonic quantum technology platform utilizing the silicon-oninsulator material system, where quantum interference and the manipulation of quantum states of light are demonstrated in components orders of magnitude smaller than previous implementations. Two-photon quantum interference is presented in a multi-mode interference coupler, and the manipulation of entanglement is demonstrated in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, opening the way to an all-silicon photonic quantum technology platform.