Using articulated speech EEG signals for imagined speech decoding

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Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) open avenues for communication among individuals unable to use voice or gestures. Silent speech interfaces are one such approach for BCIs that could offer a trans- formative means of connecting with the external world. Performance on imagined speech decoding however is rather low due to, amongst others, data scarcity and the lack of a clear starting point of the imagined speech in the brain signal. We investigate whether using electroencephalography (EEG) signals from articulated speech can be used to improve imagined speech decoding in two ways: we investigate whether articulated speech EEG signals can be used to predict the end point of the imagined speech and use the articulated speech EEG as extra training data for speaker-independent imagined vowel classification. Our results show that using EEG data from articulated speech did not improve classification of vowels in imagined speech, probably due to high variability in EEG signals amongst speakers.