Unraveling the critical indicators for evaluating the high-temperature performance of rejuvenator-aged bitumen blends

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This study aims to systematically investigate the influence of rejuvenator type/dosage and the aging degree of bitumen on the rutting resistance, flow behavior, and elastic/creep potential of rejuvenated bitumen at high temperatures. The rutting parameter (G*/sinδ), rutting failure temperature (RFT) from Linear viscoelastic test (LVE), zero-shear viscosity (ZSV) from flow test,
recovery percentage (R0.1, R3.2), creep compliance (Jnr0.1, Jnr3.2), and stress sensitivity parameters (Rdiff, Jnrslope) from multiple stress creep and recovery (MSCR) tests of rejuvenated bitumen are characterized. The results reveal that bio-oil rejuvenator weakens the high-temperature performance of aged bitumen maximally, followed by engine-oil and naphthenic-oil, while aromatic-oil
rejuvenated bitumen exhibits the best rutting, flow, and creep resistance. The RFT index can most effectively evaluate and differentiate the rejuvenation efficiency of various rejuvenators on the high-temperature performance, which correlates well with ZSV, R3.2, Jnr0.1, Jnr3.2, Rdiff, and Jnrslope indices. Therefore, the RFT index is recommended as the critical indicator for evaluating.
the high-temperature performance of rejuvenated binders. The flow and MSCR characteristics of rejuvenated bitumen can be predicted based on RFT values. The determination of critical indicators is beneficial to compare the rejuvenation effectiveness of variable rejuvenators on the high-temperature performance of aged bitumen.