Searched for: author:"Berkhout, A.J."
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Blacquiere, G. (author)
Because of the strong sea surface reflectivity, a marine source generates both a direct wavefield and a ghost wavefield. This corresponds to a blended source array, the blending process being natural. Consequently, deghosting becomes deblending ('echo-deblending'). We discuss source deghosting by an iterative deblending algorithm that properly...
conference paper 2015
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Blacquiere, G. (author), Berkhout, A.J. (author)
In marine acquisition both a direct wavefield and a ghost wavefield are produced as well as recorded. Hence, the seismic data can be considered to be a natural blend of four wavefields related to the real sources, ghost sources, real detectors and ghost detectors respectively. We consider deghosting to be deblending ('echo-deblending'), leading...
conference paper 2015
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Berkhout, A.J. (author)
Until today, seismic imaging is applied to primary reflections. This means that prior to imaging, the multiples need be removed from the measurements (‘data linearization’). However, multiples contain valuable information that should not be removed but should be utilized. The message of this presentation is that we should not adapt the measured...
conference paper 2015
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Blacquiere, G. (author)
If we bring sources closer together, they start to `sense' the nearness of each other and their physical behaviour will change. If the separation becomes smaller than half a wavelength, they start to act as one source with new properties (temporal bandwidth, directivity). This fusion process is very complex and nonlinear. To find out whether...
conference paper 2015
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Blacquière, G. (author)
We show that deblended shot records have a better background-related S/N than shot records in unblended surveys. This improvement increases with increasing blending fold and decreasing survey time. An interesting consequence of this property is that blended surveys can be carried out under more severe noise conditions than unblended surveys. It...
journal article 2013
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Berkhout, A.J. (author)
The next generation seismic processing system will comprise a chain of unified algorithms, from preprocessing to reservoir characterization. All these algorithms are formulated in terms of a closed-loop estimation problem, showing a great similarity with each other. A critical module in each algorithm is forward modeling, allowing feedback...
journal article 2013
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Blacquière, G. (author)
If simultaneous shooting is carried out by incoherent source arrays, being the condition of blended acquisition, the deblending process generates shot records with a very low residual interference (blending noise). We found, theoretically and numerically, that deblended shot records had a better background-related signal-to-noise ratio than shot...
journal article 2013
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Berkhout, A.J. (author)
The concept of blending and deblending is reviewed, making use of traditional and dispersed source arrays. The network concept of distributed blended acquisition is introduced. A million-trace robot system is proposed, illustrating that decentralization may bring about a revolution in the way we acquire seismic data in the future.
journal article 2013
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Blacquière, G. (author), Berkhout, A.J. (author)
The amount of sources and detectors in the seismic method follows "Moore’s Law of seismic data acquisition", i.e., it increases approximately by a factor of 10 every 10 years. Therefore automation is unavoidable, leading to robotization of seismic data acquisition. Recently, we introduced a new source concept that replaces today’s complex, local...
journal article 2013
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Verschuur, D.J. (author)
The next generation migration technology considers multiple scattering as vital information, allowing the industry to generate significantly better images of the subsurface. The proposed full wavefield algorithm (FWM) makes use of two-way wave theory that is formulated in terms of one-way wavefields. We show that the current migration algorithms...
conference paper 2012
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Berkhout, A.J. (author)
Blended source arrays are historically configured with equal source units, such as broadband vibrators (land) and broadband air-gun arrays (marine). I refer to this concept as homogeneous blending. I have proposed to extend the blending concept to inhomogeneous blending, meaning that a blended source array consists of different source units....
journal article 2012
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Blacquiere, G. (author)
Until now, blended source arrays are configured with closely spaced source units, such as broadband airgun arrays (marine) and broadband vibrator arrays (land). In the latter case the source units are equal. We refer to this concept as homogeneous blending. In this paper the blending concept is extended to inhomogeneous blending, meaning that a...
conference paper 2012
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Berkhout, A.J. (author)
The next generation seismic migration and inversion technology considers multiple scattering as vital information, allowing the industry to derive significantly better reservoir models — with more detail and less uncertainty — while requiring a minimum of user intervention. Three new insights have been uncovered with respect to this fundamental...
journal article 2012
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Blacquiere, G. (author), Verschuur, D.J. (author)
In traditional seismic surveys, the firing time between shots is such that the shot records do not interfere in time. However, in the concept of blended acquisition, the records do overlap, allowing denser source sampling and wider azimuths in an economic way. A denser shot sampling and wider azimuths make that each subsurface gridpoint is...
journal article 2012
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Verschuur, D.J. (author), Berkhout, A.J. (author)
This paper focuses on the concept of using blended data and multiple scattering directly in the migration process, meaning that the blended input data for the proposed migration algorithm includes blended surface-related multiples. It also means that both primary and multiple scattering contribute to the seismic image of the subsurface....
journal article 2011
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Berkhout, A.J. (author), Blacquiere, G. (author), Verschuur, D.J. (author)
Seismic surveys are designed so that the time interval between shots is sufficiently large to avoid temporal overlap between records. To economize on survey time, the current compromise is to keep the number of shots to an acceptable minimum. The result is a poorly sampled source domain. We propose to abandon the condition of nonoverlapping shot...
journal article 2009
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Van Veldhuizen, E.J. (author), Blacquiere, G. (author), Berkhout, A.J. (author)
Increasingly, we must deal with complex subsurface structures in seismic exploration, often resulting in poor illumination and, therefore, poor image quality. Consequently, it is desirable to take into consideration the effects of wave propagation in the subsurface structure when designing an acquisition geometry. We developed a new, model-based...
journal article 2008
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Berkhout, A.J. (author)
Seismic acquisition surveys are designed such that the time intervals between shots are sufficiently large to avoid the tail of the previous source response interfering with the next one (zero overlap in time). To economize on survey time and processing effort, the current compromise is to keep the number of shots to some acceptable minimum. The...
journal article 2008
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Turhan Taner, M. (author), Berkhout, A.J. (author), Treitel, S. (author), Kelamis, P.G. (author)
The statics problem, whether short wavelength, long wavelength, residual, or trim, has always been one of the more time-consuming and problematic steps in seismic data processing. We routinely struggle with issues such as poor signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio, cycle skipping, truncated refractors, wavelets with ambiguous first arrival times, etc....
journal article 2007
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Thorbecke, J. (author), Berkhout, A.J. (author)
The common-focus-point technology (CFP) describes prestack migration by focusing in two steps: emission and detection. The output of the first focusing step represents a CFP gather. This gather defines a shot record that represents the subsurface response resulting from a focused source wavefield. We propose applying the recursive shot-record,...
journal article 2006
Searched for: author:"Berkhout, A.J."
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