Searched for: subject:"degradation"
(1 - 20 of 133)

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Acevedo Goldaracena, Fernando (author)
Sediment nourishments have become an increasingly attractive alternative to deal with continuous bed degradation problems in the river system. When supplied to the river, sediment nourishments induce a sediment wave that propagates through the system causing changes in bed level and bed surface texture. In the present study we use a one...
master thesis 2020
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Kok, Emma (author)
In the Waal bed degradation occurs, which is mainly induced by a large number of river regulations measures done in the past. Rijkswaterstaat develops possible measures and new techniques to stop riverbed erosion and/or mitigate the negative effects. One of the possible new techniques to reduce riverbed erosion locally is groyne field...
master thesis 2020
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Liu, X. (author)
Railway crossings are essential components of the railway track system that allow trains to switch from one track to another. Due to the complex wheel-rail interaction in the crossing panel, crossings are vulnerable elements of railway infrastructure and usually have short service lives. The crossing damage not only results in substantial...
doctoral thesis 2020
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Socci, Carlo Alberto (author), Kassapoglou, C. (author)
A model is described which allows the exact calculation of stresses in a cracked ply under combined state of strain. Closed form expressions for the stresses in each ply are combined in an energy density-based criterion to predict crack spacing and the resulting transverse modulus and shear modulus. Inelastic effects due to non-linearities of...
journal article 2020
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de Rooij, Marijn (author)
The Meuse river facilitates important socio-economic functions. In the light of Integrated River Management (IRM), the question rises whether these functions can be facilitated in future decades (until 2050) as well. The riverbed is expected to degrade over the coming decades, just like in the past century. On top of that, the discharge regime...
master thesis 2020
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Garcia Solano, Magnolia (author)
This study explored the interactions between alkaline hydrothermal pretreatment (AHPT) operational conditions temperature (°C), NaOH concentration (M) and residence time (min) on the compositional characteristics of the solid (SH) and liquid hydrolysate (LH) obtained from AHPT of sugarcane bagasse (SCB), empty fruit bunch (EFB) and agave bagasse...
master thesis 2020
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Gowda, Arya Kumar (author)
The extensive use of fossil fuels and the emission of greenhouse gases has resulted in severe issues such as global warming and climate change. The energy and transport sector generate a major share of greenhouse gases globally. Though renewable energy can supply some of the energy demands, fossil fuels are still considered as a primary source...
master thesis 2020
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Snoeren, Jasper (author)
Energy piles are getting more attention for their sustainable and economic potential. The fluid pipes are integrated in the foundation piles, which makes it cost-attractive, but also relatively new to the Dutch geotechnical industry. By lowering the temperature limit of the anti-freeze fluid in the pipes the heat extraction and thereby also the...
master thesis 2020
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Xiong, Chao (author), Xu, Ji Sheng (author), Stolle, Claudia (author), van den IJssel, J.A.A. (author), Yin, Fan (author), Kervalishvili, Guram N. (author), Zangerl, Franz (author)
Transient signal loss of the global positioning system (GPS) has been frequently observed by receivers on board the European Space Agency's Swarm mission when the satellites encounter ionospheric plasma irregularities. In this study we provided the first comparison of the GPS signal amplitude degradations from receivers on board low Earth...
journal article 2020
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Guo, Y. (author), Zhao, Chunfa (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author), Zhai, Wanming (author)
The discrete element method (DEM) has been confirmed as an effective numerical method for modelling railway ballast, and successfully used to analyse a wide range of ballast-related applications (e.g. geomaterials). However, there still exists some aspects under development. Among them, the model calibration can be the most significant one ...
review 2020
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Yazdan Mehr, M. (author), Bahrami, A. (author), van Driel, W.D. (author), Fan, X.J. (author), Davis, J.L. (author), Zhang, Kouchi (author)
In this paper, degradation mechanisms of optical materials, used in the light emitting diode (LED)-based products, are reviewed. The LED lighting is one of the fastest technology shifts in human history. Lighting accounts for almost 20% of the global electrical energy use, inferring that replacement of traditional lighting sources with LEDs...
journal article 2020
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Bae, D. (author), Faasse, Richard (author), Smith, W.A. (author)
Achieving high current densities without thermal performance degradation at high temperatures is one of the main challenges for enhancing the competitiveness of photo-electrochemical energy storage systems. We describe a system that overcomes this challenge by incorporating an integrated photoelectrode with a redox flow cell, which functions...
journal article 2020
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Wei, Zilong (author), Nunez, Alfredo (author), Liu, Xiubo (author), Dollevoet, R.P.B.J. (author), Li, Z. (author)
This study evaluates the degradation of wheels and rails at railway crossings. The evaluation method is composed of 1) finite element simulation of dynamic wheel/crossing interaction and 2) multi-criteria analysis of wheel/rail degradation in terms of yield behavior, rolling contact fatigue (RCF) and wear. With the aid of this method, we...
journal article 2020
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Valk, L.C. (author), Luttik, M.A.H. (author), de Ram, C. (author), Pabst, M. (author), van den Broek, M.A. (author), van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. (author), Pronk, J.T. (author)
D-galacturonate, a key constituent of pectin, is a ubiquitous monomer in plant biomass. Anaerobic, fermentative conversion of D-galacturonate is therefore relevant in natural environments as well as in microbial processes for microbial conversion of pectin-containing agricultural residues. In currently known microorganisms that anaerobically...
journal article 2020
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Wang, Jing (author), Wu, Benteng (author), Muñoz Sierra, Julian (author), He, Chunhua (author), Hu, Zhenhu (author), Wang, Wei (author)
Sludge morphology considerably affects the mechanism underlying microbial anaerobic degradation of phenol. Here, we assessed the phenol degradation rate, specific methanogenic activity, electron transport activity, coenzyme F<sub>420</sub> concentration, and microbial community structure of five phenol-degrading sludge of varying particle...
journal article 2020
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Ylla Arbos, C. (author), Blom, A. (author), Acevedo Goldaracena, F. (author), van Vuren, S (author), Schielen, R.M.J. (author)
The Rhine reach comprising the Niederrhein and the Upper Rhine Delta is characterized by a long history of engineering interventions. The area is densely populated and the Rhine, the main inland waterway in Europe, justifying the need for such measures. Interventions have had a strong impact on morphodynamic channel characteristics. We use bed...
conference paper 2020
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Zander, F. (author), Heimovaara, T.J. (author), Gebert, J. (author)
Purpose: The microbial turnover of sediment organic matter (OM) in ports and waterways impacts water quality, sonic depth finding and presumably also rheological properties as well as greenhouse gas emissions, especially if organic carbon is released as methane. As a consequence, sediment management practices as a whole are affected. This...
journal article 2020
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Guo, Y. (author), Ji, Yameng (author), Zhou, Qiang (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author)
The rubber-protected ballast (RPB) is made from natural ballast particles and crumb rubber particles. The crumb rubber is shredded waste tires. RPB was chosen to replace the ballast as it has higher resistance to breakage and abrasion. However, the static and dynamic performance of the RPB has not been confirmed yet. Towards this end,...
journal article 2020
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Gusain, D. (author), Cvetkovic, M. (author), Bentvelsen, Ron (author), Palensky, P. (author)
To counter the inherent intermittent and unpre dictable power generation from large amounts of wind and solar, fast-acting resources are required, one of the options being sector coupling via power to gas devices. Industrial Power to Gas (IPtG) resources, such as an electrolyzer, represent an attractive solution to satisfy the rising energy...
conference paper 2020
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Kongshaug, Simen Sørgaard (author), Oseland, Oddbjørn (author), Kanstad, Terje (author), Hendriks, M.A.N. (author), Rodum, Eva (author), Markeset, Gro (author)
The alkali silica reaction (ASR) in concrete causes internal localized swelling and micro cracking, which result in expansion and correlated deterioration of the concrete material. The stress state of the concrete is known to affect expansion due to ASR, with an anisotropic stress state giving rise to anisotropic expansion. Similarly, the...
journal article 2020
Searched for: subject:"degradation"
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