Searched for: subject%3A%22ethics%22
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Liscio, E. (author)
Human values are the abstract motivations that drive our opinions and actions. AI agents ought to align their behavior with our value preferences (the relative importance we ascribe to different values) to co-exist with us in our society. However, value preferences differ across individuals and are dependent on context. To reflect diversity in...
doctoral thesis 2024
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Pozzi, G. (author)
The advancement of AI-based technologies, such as machine learning (ML) systems, for implementation in healthcare is progressing rapidly. Since these systems are used to support healthcare professionals in crucial medical practices, their role in medical decision-making needs to be epistemologically and ethically assessed. However, a central...
doctoral thesis 2024
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Coggins, T.N. (author)
In the introduction of this thesis, I contend that robot ethics, as a research field, generally treats privacy as the appropriate distribution of information, and therefore overlooks privacy concerns raised by robots beyond this conceptualization’s purview. I illustrate this contention by evaluating a hypothetical case involving a household...
doctoral thesis 2024
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Ghasia, Zahra (author)
The use of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) has seen a breakthrough in clinical research for personalized treatments (Hamburg & Collins, 2010.) Despite the potential advantages of vast EHR data available, constraints of privacy and legislation hinder its use (Rieke et al., 2020.) Health data exists in an interconnected healthcare system ...
master thesis 2024
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Lera-Leri, Roger X. (author), Liscio, E. (author), Bistaffa, Filippo (author), Jonker, C.M. (author), Lopez-Sanchez, Maite (author), Murukannaiah, P.K. (author), Rodriguez-Aguilar, Juan A. (author), Salas-Molina, Francisco (author)
We adopt an emerging and prominent vision of human-centred Artificial Intelligence that requires building trustworthy intelligent systems. Such systems should be capable of dealing with the challenges of an interconnected, globalised world by handling plurality and by abiding by human values. Within this vision, pluralistic value alignment is...
journal article 2024
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Klenk, M.B.O.T. (author)
Generative AI enables automated, effective manipulation at scale. Despite the growing general ethical discussion around generative AI, the specific manipulation risks remain inadequately investigated. This article outlines essential inquiries encompassing conceptual, empirical, and design dimensions of manipulation, pivotal for comprehending...
journal article 2024
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Pozzi, G. (author), Duran, J.M. (author)
In this paper, we discuss epistemic and ethical concerns brought about by machine learning (ML) systems implemented in medicine. We begin by fleshing out the logic underlying a common approach in the specialized literature (which we call the informativeness account). We maintain that the informativeness account limits its analysis to the...
journal article 2024
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Klaassen, R.G. (author), Hellendoorn, J. (author), Bossen, R.H. (author)
TU Delft education system is transformed on three levels: 1) new courses and projects in existing B.Sc. and M.Sc. programs for multidisciplinary and reflective learning; 2) new M.Sc. programs focusing on multi and interdisciplinarity, personal development, and professional skills; and 3) central Interdisciplinary Projects for Master Students...
journal article 2024
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Marin, L. (author)
Suppose you wanted to switch to a healthier diet and searched for ideas online. You will unavoidably find some posts and videos where various influencers weigh in on this topic on social media platforms. Going down the rabbit hole of online searches, you see that the most vocal debate occurrs between two camps: the high fat versus the high...
journal article 2024
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van Grunsven, J.B. (author), Franssen, T.M. (author), Gammon, A.R. (author), Marin, L. (author)
The guiding premise of this chapter is that we, as teachers in higher education, must consider how the content and form of our teaching can foster inclusivity through a responsiveness to neurodiverse learning styles. A narrow pedagogical focus on lectures, textual engagement, and essay-writing threatens to exclude neurodivergent students whose...
book chapter 2024
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Marin, L. (author), Vică, Constantin (author)
The phenomenon of missed interactions between online users is a specific issue occurring when users of different language games interact on social media platforms. We use the lens of institutional theory to analyze this phenomenon and argue that current online institutions will necessarily fail to regulate user interactions in a way that...
journal article 2024
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Dizani, A. (author), Ghorbani, Amineh (author), Taebi, B. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
In recent decades, distinct national approaches to engineering ethics have evolved, each tailored to its unique contextual factors. These contextual disparities make it unfeasible to transfer one country's engineering ethics approach directly into another. This calls for a compelling need to enhance our comprehension of engineering ethics...
journal article 2024
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van Kooten, Katelijn (author)
Introspective methods are gaining momentum within the design field. They add a subjective dimension to the existing body of research, enriching our understanding of complex phenomena, human experiences, and psychological processes. The personal, revealing nature of introspection is what gives this method its unique...
master thesis 2023
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Camargo Cardozo, Laura (author)
This graduation project investigates the relationship between care and community and reflects on the possible impact of these learnings on design practice. Care is a complex dimension of life, which entails the act of providing everything that is necessary for the maintenance and repair of the world (Tronto, 1993). From this perspective, we can...
master thesis 2023
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Lubbers, Rob (author)
Nowadays Large Language Models are becoming more and more prevalent in today's society. These models act without a sense of morality however. They only prioritize accomplishing their goal. Currently, little research has been done evaluating these models. The current state of the art Reinforcement Learning models represent morality by a singular...
bachelor thesis 2023
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De Leeuw, Nathaniël (author)
<br/>This paper evaluates the performance of an automated explainable model, Moral- Strength, to predict morality, or more pre- cisely Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) traits. MFT is a way to represent and divide morality into precise and detailed traits. This evaluation happens in the Jiminy Cricket environment, an environ- ment composed of 25...
bachelor thesis 2023
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Wang, Runlang (author)
Under the topic of sustainable packaging, this research looks into the effects of material appearance (ecological vs. conventional), eco-label, and brand ethicality on consumers' perceived sustainability as well as the subsequent product quality evaluation and purchase intention. A 2 × 2 × 2 between-subject experiment was designed and conducted...
master thesis 2023
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Çelik, Eren (author)
The 2006 health care reforms in the Netherlands were aimed at improving the affordability, accessibility, and quality of health care, as well as freedom in health care. However, the reality is that since the reforms (which include the privatisation of health-care insurance), costs have further increased and accessibility has decreased while...
master thesis 2023
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Jung, Ji-Youn (author), Murray-Rust, D.S. (author), Gadiraju, Ujwal (author), Bozzon, A. (author)
When creating conversational agents, designers have to make decisions about the way the agents present themselves. In this position paper, we identify and synthesize ethical dilemmas that conversational interface designers and researchers face around gender of conversational agents. First, we identify three layers that cause tension in designing...
conference paper 2023
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Mares Nasarre, P. (author), Martínez-Ibáñez, Víctor (author), Sanz-Benlloch, Amalia (author)
Teaching sustainability and ethics to engineering students is a challenging but necessary task that has been increasingly investigated during the last few years. In this research, a systematic method to identify the level of awareness in students about sustainability and ethics is developed. Here, it is applied to students studying the Civil...
journal article 2023
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