Searched for: subject%3A%22tDCS%22
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Kastratović, Sanja (author)
This thesis presents the design of a low-power, sub-1V, BJT-based temperature sensor. It is based on a capacitively-biased (CB) BJT front-end, in which capacitors are discharged across diode-connected BJTs to obtain proportional-to-temperature (PTAT) and complementary-to-temperature (CTAT) voltages. These voltages are then digitised by a...
master thesis 2023
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Bruschini, Claudio (author), Burri, Samuel (author), Bernasconi, Ermanno (author), Milanese, Tommaso (author), Ulku, Arin C. (author), Homulle, Harald (author), Charbon-Iwasaki-Charbon, E. (author)
The LinoSPAD2 camera combines a 512×1 linear single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) array with an FPGA-based photon-counting and time-stamping platform, to create a reconfigurable sensing system capable of detecting single photons. The read-out is fully parallel, where each SPAD is connected to a different FPGA input. The hardware can be...
conference paper 2023
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Xu, Guo (author)
Depth sensing technology has developed rapidly recently due to its broad applications. Time-of-Flight (ToF) is a popular technology in depth sensing because of its advantages in high measuring accuracy and low complexity in image processing. ToF technologies are divided into two kinds: indirect time-of-flight (iToF) and direct Time-of-Flight ...
master thesis 2022
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Son, Dongjin (author)
In this work, a SPAD-based LiDAR system is studied. In particular, the system employs a direct time-of-flight (dToF) method to reconstruct a target-reflected pulses using histogram, from which the distance to the target is estimated. More particularly, a time correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) method has been used to record the flight...
master thesis 2022
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van der Cruijsen, J. (author), Jonker, Z.D. (author), Andrinopoulou, Eleni Rosalina (author), Wijngaarden, Jessica E. (author), Tangkau, Ditte A. (author), Tulen, Joke H.M. (author), Frens, Maarten A. (author), Ribbers, G.M. (author), Selles, R.W. (author)
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the contralateral primary motor cortex of the target muscle (conventional tDCS) has been described to enhance corticospinal excitability, as measured with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Recently, tDCS targeting the brain regions functionally connected to the contralateral primary motor...
journal article 2022
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van der Cruijsen, J. (author), Dooren, R.F. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author), Oostendorp, Thom F. (author), Frens, Maarten A. (author), Ribbers, G.M. (author), van der Helm, F.C.T. (author), Kwakkel, Gert (author), Selles, R.W. (author)
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a promising tool to improve and speed up motor rehabilitation after stroke, but inconsistent clinical effects refrain tDCS from clinical implementation. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the need for individualized tDCS configurations in stroke, considering interindividual variability in...
journal article 2022
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Toth, Nandor (author)
This thesis presents an energy-efficient high-accuracy temperature sensor that combines a BJT front-end with a continuous-time readout circuit. Its front-end is based on PNP transistors, which, compared to NPNs, are more widely available in CMOS processes and less sensitive to stress. In this design, proportional-to-absolute-temperature (PTAT)...
master thesis 2021
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Kandilakis, Manos (author)
Biomedical engineering focuses in advancing health care by taking advantage of the technological improvement. An important part of biomedical engineering is biomedical sensing, that focuses in the acquisition of biopotential signals. Through time, a lot of research has been done on the acquisition of biopotential signals and a variety of methods...
master thesis 2021
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van der Cruijsen, J. (author), Piastra, Maria Carla (author), Selles, R.W. (author), Oostendorp, Thom F. (author)
The inconsistent response to transcranial electric stimulation in the stroke population is attributed to, among other factors, unknown effects of stroke lesion conductivity on stimulation strength at the targeted brain areas. Volume conduction models are promising tools to determine optimal stimulation settings. However, stroke lesion...
journal article 2021
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Roy, S. (author), Lee, Jinoh (author), Baldi, S. (author)
This brief proposes a new adaptive-robust formulation for time-delay control (TDC) under a less-restrictive stability condition. TDC relies on estimating the unknown system dynamics via the artificial introduction of a time delay, often referred to as time-delay estimation (TDE). In conventional TDC, the estimation error, called TDE error, is...
journal article 2021
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Piastra, Maria Carla (author), van der Cruijsen, J. (author), Piai, Vitória (author), Jeukens, Floor E.M. (author), Manoochehri, M. (author), Schouten, A.C. (author), Selles, R.W. (author), Oostendorp, Thom (author)
Objective. Large structural brain changes, such as chronic stroke lesions, alter the current pathways throughout the patients' head and therefore have to be taken into account when performing transcranial direct current stimulation simulations. Approach. We implement, test and distribute the first MATLAB pipeline that automatically generates...
journal article 2021
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Li, Chao Chieh (author), Yuan, Min Shueh (author), Liao, Chia Chun (author), Chang, Chih Hsien (author), Lin, Yu Tso (author), Tsai, Tsung Hsien (author), Huang, Tien Chien (author), Liao, Hsien Yuan (author), Staszewski, R.B. (author)
In this article, we introduce a fractional-N all-digital phase-locked loop (ADPLL) architecture based on a single LC-tank, featuring an ultra-wide tuning range (TR) and optimized for ultra-low area in 10-nm FinFET CMOS. Underpinned by excellent switches in the FinFET technology, a high turn-on/off capacitance ratio of LC-tank switched...
journal article 2021
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Mohamed Mahmoud Saad Hassan Saad, Mohamed (author)
This thesis presents a BJT-based CMOS temperature-to-digital converter (TDC). With a continuous-time readout, the TDC avoids the kT/C noise limit incurred by previous discrete-time (switched-capacitor) TDCs. An energy-efficient BJT front-end generates single PTAT and CTAT currents for being digitized by a delta-sigma modulator through a linear...
master thesis 2020
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Carimatto, A.J. (author)
Multi Digital Silicon Photon Multipliers (MDSiPM), as image sensors, are utilized to calculate and estimate the properties of the incident light. These properties include spatial location of hits, intensity or number of photons and time of arrival. Some characteristics can be more important than others depending upon the problem at hand. Among...
doctoral thesis 2020
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Hill, Kevin (author)
Most current proximity sensing methods fail the stringent requirements of modern smartphones. A position-sensing device (PSD) requires a laser placed some distance away from the sensor, intensity-based solutions are sensitive to changes in reflectivity, and ultrasound-based sensors cannot measure small distances because of resonance. With modern...
master thesis 2019
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Jeukens, Floor (author)
Stroke is a cerebrovascular disorder with 15 million cases every year worldwide. The most common symptom is motor deficits. In order to overcome such symptoms, the motor brain either repairs the damaged tissue or reorganises to compensate for the injured brain region. To stimulate this reorganisation transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS...
master thesis 2019
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Lekkas, Konstantinos (author)
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a noninvasive technique, allowing for the reversible modulation of activity in particular brain regions. TDCS has obtained much scientific interest and it promises many potential benefits to the patients.<br/><br/>However, tDCS that is performed today is almost the same with the method that was...
master thesis 2019
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Zong, Z. (author), Chen, Peng (author), Staszewski, R.B. (author)
In this paper, we propose a 60-GHz fractional-N digital frequency synthesizer aimed at reducing its phase noise (PN) at both the flicker (1/f <sup>3</sup> ) and thermal (1/f <sup>2</sup> ) regions while minimizing its power consumption. The digitally controlled oscillator (DCO) fundamentally resonates at 20 GHz and co-generates a strong...
journal article 2019
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Kishore Kumar, Rushil (author)
This thesis presents the most energy-efficient BJT-based CMOS temperature-to-digital converter (TDC) reported to date. It is based on a continuous-time front-end, which avoids the kT/C noise limit incurred by previous discrete-time (switched-capacitor) front-ends. An energy-efficient capacitively-coupled instrumentation amplifier (CCIA) boosts...
master thesis 2018
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Akgün, O.C. (author)
This paper presents the design of a low-power asynchronous pipelined time-to-digital converter (AP-TDC) to be employed in a time-domain signal processing system. The presented AP-TDC utilizes two novel concepts, namely time-domain subtraction and absolute value based algorithmic conversion. The design and <br/>simulation of the AP-TDC is done...
conference paper 2018
Searched for: subject%3A%22tDCS%22
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