Multiple Faults Estimation in Dynamical Systems

Tractable Design and Performance Bounds

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In this article, we propose a tractable nonlinear fault estimation filter along with explicit performance bounds for a class of linear dynamical systems in the presence of both additive and nonlinear multiplicative faults. We consider the case, where both faults may occur simultaneously and through an identical dynamical relationship, a setting that is relevant to several application domains, including automotive driving, aviation, and chemical plants. The proposed filter architecture combines tools from model-based approaches in the control literature and regression techniques from machine learning. To this end, we view the regression operator through a system-theoretic perspective to develop operator bounds that are then utilized to derive performance bounds for the proposed estimation filter. In the case of constant, simultaneously, and identically acting additive and multiplicative faults, it can be shown that the estimation error converges to zero with an exponential rate. The performance of the proposed estimation filter in the presence of incipient faults is validated through an application on the lateral safety systems of SAE level 4 automated vehicles. The numerical results show that the theoretical bounds of this study are indeed close to the actual estimation error.