Displacement-based verification of unreinforced masonry walls acting out-of-plane within a structural system

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The out-of-plane behavior of unreinforced masonry walls subjected to lateral loading is a complex structural problem. This thesis focuses on the stability of URM walls in a building system under seismic loads that are comparable to those found in the Groningen scenario. The investigation is carried out by addressing both the physical and the geometrical nonlinear nature of the rocking mechanism.